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Decarbonising the cement sector: a bottom-up model for optimising carbon capture application in the UK

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Title: Decarbonising the cement sector: a bottom-up model for optimising carbon capture application in the UK
Authors: Hills
Florin, N
Fennell, PS
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Industrial processes such as Portland cement manufacture produce a large proportion of anthropogenic carbon dioxide and significantly reducing their emissions could be difficult or expensive without carbon capture and storage. This paper explores the idea of synchronising shutdowns for carbon capture and storage installation with major shutdowns required to refurbish major process units at industrial sites. It develops a detailed bottom-up model for the first time and applies it to the United Kingdom’s cement industry. This research demonstrates that several policy and technology risks are not identified by the top-down models and it highlights the importance of reducing shut-down times for capture plant construction. Failure to do so could increase installation costs by around 10 per cent. This type of approach, which is complementary to top-down modelling, and the lessons learned from it can be applied to other capital- and energy-intensive industries such as primary steel production. It provides important information about what actions should be prioritised to ensure that carbon capture and storage can be applied without extra unnecessary shutdowns which would increase the overall cost of carbon dioxide mitigation and could delay action, increasing cumulative emissions as well.
Issue Date: 27-Aug-2016
Date of Acceptance: 26-Aug-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/39534
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.08.129
ISSN: 0959-6526
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 1351
End Page: 1361
Journal / Book Title: Journal of Cleaner Production
Volume: 139
Copyright Statement: © 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Sponsor/Funder: Cemex Research Group AG
Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Funder's Grant Number: N/A
EP/K021710/1
Keywords: Environmental Sciences
Environmental Engineering
Manufacturing Engineering
Interdisciplinary Engineering
Publication Status: Published
Conference Place: United Kingdom
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Centre for Environmental Policy
Chemical Engineering
Faculty of Natural Sciences



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