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Homogeneous Catalyzed Reactions of Levulinic Acid: To γ-Valerolactone and Beyond

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Title: Homogeneous Catalyzed Reactions of Levulinic Acid: To γ-Valerolactone and Beyond
Authors: Omoruyi, U
Page, S
Hallett, J
Miller, PW
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Platform chemicals derived from lignocellulosic plant biomass are viewed as a sustainable replacement for crude oil-based feedstocks. Levulinic acid (LA) is one such biomass-derived chemical that has been widely studied for further catalytic transformation to γ-valerolactone (GVL), an important ‘green’ fuel additive, solvent, and fine chemical intermediate. Although the transformation of LA to GVL can be achieved using heterogeneous catalysis, homogeneous catalytic systems that operate under milder reactions, give higher selectivities and can be recycled continuously are attracting considerable attention. A range of new homogeneous catalysts have now been demonstrated to efficiently convert LA to GVL and to transform LA directly to other value-added chemicals such as 1,4-pentanediol (1,4-PDO) and 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (2-MTHF). This Minireview covers recent advances in the area of homogeneous catalysis for the conversion of levulinic acid and levulinic ester derivatives to GVL and chemicals beyond GVL.
Issue Date: 28-Jul-2016
Date of Acceptance: 31-May-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/39488
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201600517
ISSN: 1864-564X
Publisher: Wiley
Start Page: 2037
End Page: 2047
Journal / Book Title: Chemsuschem
Volume: 9
Issue: 16
Copyright Statement: © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This is the accepted version of the following article: U. Omoruyi, S. Page, J. Hallett, P. W. Miller, 'Homogeneous Catalyzed Reactions of Levulinic Acid: To γ-Valerolactone and Beyond', ChemSusChem 2016, 9, 2037., which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201600517.
Keywords: 2-methyltetrahydrofuran
biomass
catalysis
levulinic acid
γ-valerolactone
Organic Chemistry
0399 Other Chemical Sciences
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Chemistry
Catalysis and Advanced Materials
Chemical Engineering
Faculty of Natural Sciences



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