Has land use pushed terrestrial biodiversity beyond the planetary boundary? A global assessment

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Title: Has land use pushed terrestrial biodiversity beyond the planetary boundary? A global assessment
Authors: Newbold, T
Hudson, LN
Arnell, AP
Contu, S
De Palma, A
Ferrier, S
Hill, SLL
Hoskins, A
Lysenko, I
Phillips, HRP
Burton, VJ
Chng, CWT
Emerson, S
Gao, D
Pask-Hale, G
Hutton, J
Jung, M
Sanchez Ortiz, K
Simmons, BI
Whitmee, S
Zhang, H
Scharlemann, JPW
Purvis, A
Purvis, A
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Copyright 2016 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science; all rights reserved.Land use and related pressures have reduced local terrestrial biodiversity, but it is unclear how the magnitude of change relates to the recently proposed planetary boundary ( safe limit ).We estimate that land use and related pressures have already reduced local biodiversity intactness-the average proportion of natural biodiversity remaining in local ecosystems-beyond its recently proposed planetary boundary across 58.1%of the worlds land surface, where 71.4% of the human population live. Biodiversity intactness within most biomes (especially grassland biomes), most biodiversity hotspots, and even some wilderness areas is inferred to be beyond the boundary. Such widespread transgression of safe limits suggests that biodiversity loss, if unchecked, will undermine efforts toward long-term sustainable development.
Issue Date: 15-Jul-2016
Date of Acceptance: 6-Jun-2016
ISSN: 0036-8075
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Start Page: 288
End Page: 291
Journal / Book Title: Science
Volume: 353
Issue: 6296
Copyright Statement: This is the author’s version of the work. It is posted here by permission of the AAAS for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Science in Volume 353 number 6296 on 15 July 2016, DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf2201
Sponsor/Funder: The Royal Society
Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
Funder's Grant Number: WM100051
Keywords: General Science & Technology
MD Multidisciplinary
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Natural Sciences

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