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The environmental impact of lightweight HCPV modules: efficient design and effective deployment

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Title: The environmental impact of lightweight HCPV modules: efficient design and effective deployment
Authors: Sandwell, P
Duggan, G
Nelson, J
Ekins-Daukes, N
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: We present a life cycle analysis of a lightweight design of high concentration photovoltaic module. The materials and processes used in construction are considered to assess the total environmental impact of the module construction in terms of the cumulative energy demand and embodied greenhouse gas emissions, which were found to be 355.3MJ and 27.9 kgCO2eq respectively. We consider six potential deployment locations and the system energy payback times are calculated to be 0.22–0.33 years whilst the greenhouse gas payback times are 0.29–0.88 years. The emission intensities over the life- times of the systems are found to be 6.5–9.8 g CO2eq/kWh, lower than those of other HCPV, PV and CSP technologies in similar locations.
Issue Date: 13-Jul-2016
Date of Acceptance: 14-Jun-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/34564
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pip.2802
ISSN: 1099-159X
Publisher: Wiley
Start Page: 1458
End Page: 1472
Journal / Book Title: Progress in Photovoltaics
Volume: 24
Issue: 11
Copyright Statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Sandwell, P., Duggan, G., Nelson, J., and Ekins-Daukes, N. (2016) The environmental impact of lightweight HCPV modules: efficient design and effective deployment. Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl., 24: 1458–1472, which has been published in final form at https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pip.2802.  This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Sponsor/Funder: The Royal Society
Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (E
Funder's Grant Number: WRMA09FT/HLL
J13361
Keywords: concentrator photovoltaics
life cycle assessment
embedded energy
energy payback time
Applied Physics
0204 Condensed Matter Physics
0912 Materials Engineering
0999 Other Engineering
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Physics
Experimental Solid State
Centre for Environmental Policy
Faculty of Natural Sciences



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