Assaults, murders and walkers: The impact of violent crime on physical activity

File Description SizeFormat 
1-s2.0-S0167629616000187-main.pdfPublished version1.25 MBAdobe PDFDownload
Title: Assaults, murders and walkers: The impact of violent crime on physical activity
Author(s): Janke, K
Propper, C
Shields, MA
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: We investigate an underexplored externality of crime: the impact of violent crime on individuals’ participation in walking. For many adults walking is the only regular physical activity. We use a sample of nearly 1 million people in 323 small areas in England between 2005 and 2011 matched to quarterly crime data at the small area level. Within area variation identifies the causal effect of local violent crime on walking and a difference-in-difference analysis of two high-profile crimes corroborates our results. We find a significant deterrent effect of violent crime on walking that translates into a drop in overall physical activity.
Publication Date: 20-Jan-2016
Date of Acceptance: 11-Jan-2016
ISSN: 0167-6296
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 34
End Page: 49
Journal / Book Title: Journal of Health Economics
Volume: 47
Sponsor/Funder: Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC)
Funder's Grant Number: ES/J023108/1
Copyright Statement: © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Keywords: 1402 Applied Economics
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Health Policy & Services
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Imperial College Business School

Items in Spiral are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Creative Commons