An in vitro study comparing limited to full cementation of polyethylene glenoid components

Title: An in vitro study comparing limited to full cementation of polyethylene glenoid components
Authors: Glennie, RA
Giles, JW
Johnson, JA
Athwal, GS
Faber, KJ
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: © 2015 Glennie et al.Background: Glenoid component survival is critical to good long-term outcomes in total shoulder arthroplasty. Optimizing the fixation environment is paramount. The purpose of this study was to compare two glenoid cementing techniques for fixation in total shoulder arthroplasty. Methods: Sixteen cadaveric specimens were randomized to receive peg-only cementation (CPEG) or full back-side cementation (CBACK). Physiological cyclic loading was performed and implant displacement was recorded using an optical tracking system. The cement mantle was examined with micro-computed tomography before and after cyclic loading. Results: Significantly greater implant displacement away from the inferior portion of the glenoid was observed in the peg cementation group when compared to the fully cemented group during the physiological loading. The displacement was greatest at the beginning of the loading protocol and persisted at a diminished rate during the remainder of the loading protocol. Micro-CT scanning demonstrated that the cement mantle remained intact in both groups and that three specimens in the CBACK group demonstrated microfracturing in one area only. Discussion: Displacement of the CPEG implants away from the inferior subchondral bone may represent a suboptimal condition for long-term implant survival. Cement around the back of the implant is suggested to improve initial stability of all polyethylene glenoid implants. Clinical relevance: Full cementation provides greater implant stability when compared to limited cementation techniques for insertion of glenoid implants. Loading characteristics are more favorable when cement is placed along the entire back of the implant contacting the subchondral bone.
Issue Date: 17-Sep-2015
Date of Acceptance: 28-Jul-2015
ISSN: 1749-799X
Publisher: BioMed Central
Journal / Book Title: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Copyright Statement: © 2015 Glennie et al. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: 142
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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