Sonification of guidance data during road crossing for people with visual impairments or blindness

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Title: Sonification of guidance data during road crossing for people with visual impairments or blindness
Authors: Mascetti, S
Picinali, L
Gerino, A
Ahmetovic, D
Bernareggi, C
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.In the last years several solutions were proposed to support people with visual impairments or blindness during road crossing. These solutions focus on computer vision techniques for recognizing pedestrian crosswalks and computing their relative position from the user. Instead, this contribution addresses a different problem; the design of an auditory interface that can effectively guide the user during road crossing. Two original auditory guiding modes based on data sonification are presented and compared with a guiding mode based on speech messages. Experimental evaluation shows that there is no guiding mode that is best suited for all test subjects. The average time to align and cross is not significantly different among the three guiding modes, and test subjects distribute their preferences for the best guiding mode almost uniformly among the three solutions. From the experiments it also emerges that higher effort is necessary for decoding the sonified instructions if compared to the speech instructions, and that test subjects require frequent hints (in the form of speech messages). Despite this, more than 2/3 of test subjects prefer one of the two guiding modes based on sonification. There are two main reasons for this: firstly, with speech messages it is harder to hear the sound of the environment, and secondly sonified messages convey information about the quantity of the expected movement.
Issue Date: 22-Aug-2015
Date of Acceptance: 13-Aug-2015
ISSN: 1071-5819
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 16
End Page: 26
Journal / Book Title: International Journal of Human Computer Studies
Volume: 85
Copyright Statement: © 2015, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Keywords: Blind people
People with visual impairments or blindness
Sonification of guidance data
Spatial cognition
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering

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