Enteric neurons and systemic signals couple nutritional and reproductive status with intestinal homeostasis.
|Title:||Enteric neurons and systemic signals couple nutritional and reproductive status with intestinal homeostasis.|
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Abstract:||The gastrointestinal tract is emerging as a key regulator of appetite and metabolism, but daunting neuroanatomical complexity has hampered identification of the relevant signals. Invertebrate models could provide a simple and genetically amenable alternative, but their autonomic nervous system and its visceral functions remain largely unexplored. Here we develop a quantitative method based on defecation behavior to uncover a central role for the Drosophila intestine in the regulation of nutrient intake, fluid, and ion balance. We then identify a key homeostatic role for autonomic neurons and hormones, including a brain-gut circuit of insulin-producing neurons modulating appetite, a vasopressin-like system essential for fluid homeostasis, and enteric neurons mediating sex peptide-induced changes in intestinal physiology. These conserved mechanisms of visceral control, analogous to those found in the enteric nervous system and hypothalamic/pituitary axis, enable the study of autonomic control in a model organism that has proved instrumental in understanding sensory and motor systems.|
|Journal / Book Title:||Cell Metab|
|Copyright Statement:||Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Cell Metabolism. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Cell Metabolism, 13(1), 2011 DOI10.1016/j.cmet.2010.12.010|
|Conference Place:||United States|
|Appears in Collections:||Molecular Sciences|