Computational Study of High Speed Blade–Vortex Interaction

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Title: Computational Study of High Speed Blade–Vortex Interaction
Author(s): Yildirim, Erkan
Item Type: Thesis or dissertation
Abstract: This thesis presents inviscid compressible simulations for the orthogonal blade-vortex interaction. A numerical model between the tail rotor of a helicopter and the trailing vortex system formed by the main rotor blades is assumed. The study takes a ‘building-block’ approach to investigating this problem. Firstly, the impulsive instantaneous blocking of the axial core flow by a flat plate is considered. In the second step, the three-dimensional gradual cutting of the vortex by a sharp flat-plate that moves at a finite speed through the vortex is performed. Finally the chopping of the vortex by a blunt leading edge aerofoil, which incorporates both the blocking effect and also the stretching and distortion of the vortex lines is studied. The solutions reveal that the compressibility effects are strong when the axial core flow of the vortex is impulsively blocked. This generates a weak shock-expansion structure propagating along the vortex core on opposite sides of the cutting surface. The shock and expansion waves are identified as the prominent acoustic signatures in the interaction. In a simplified, two-dimensional axisymmetric model, the modelling of the physical evolution of the vortex, including the evolution of the complex vortical structures that controls the vortex core size near the cutting surface, are studied. Furthermore, the three dimensional simulations revealed that there is a secondary and a tertiary noise sources due to compressibility effects at the blade leading edge and due to the shock-vortex interaction taking place on the blade, which is exposed to a transonic free-stream flow.
Publication Date: Feb-2013
Date Awarded: 2012
Advisor: Hillier, Richard
Department: Aeronautics
Publisher: Imperial College London
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Qualification Name: Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Appears in Collections:Aeronautics PhD theses

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