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Impact of energy limitations on function and resilience in long-wavelength photosystem II

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Title: Impact of energy limitations on function and resilience in long-wavelength photosystem II
Authors: Viola, S
Roseby, W
Santabarbara, S
Nürnberg, D
Assunção, R
Dau, H
Sellés, J
Boussac, A
Fantuzzi, A
Rutherford, A
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Photosystem II (PSII) uses the energy from red light to split water and reduce quinone, an energy-demanding process based on chlorophyll a (Chl-a) photochemistry. Two types of cyanobacterial PSII can use chlorophyll d (Chl-d) and chlorophyll f (Chl-f) to perform the same reactions using lower energy, far-red light. PSII from Acaryochloris marina has Chl-d replacing all but one of its 35 Chl-a, while PSII from Chroococcidiopsis thermalis, a facultative far-red species, has just 4 Chl-f and 1 Chl-d and 30 Chl-a. From bioenergetic considerations, the far-red PSII were predicted to lose photochemical efficiency and/or resilience to photodamage. Here, we compare enzyme turnover efficiency, forward electron transfer, back-reactions and photodamage in Chl-f-PSII, Chl-d-PSII and Chl-a-PSII. We show that: i) all types of PSII have a comparable efficiency in enzyme turnover; ii) the modified energy gaps on the acceptor side of Chl-d-PSII favour recombination via PD1+Phe- repopulation, leading to increased singlet oxygen production and greater sensitivity to high-light damage compared to Chl-a-PSII and Chl-f-PSII; iii) the acceptor-side energy gaps in Chl-f-PSII are tuned to avoid harmful back reactions, favouring resilience to photodamage over efficiency of light usage. The results are explained by the differences in the redox tuning of the electron transfer cofactors Phe and QA and in the number and layout of the chlorophylls that share the excitation energy with the primary electron donor. PSII has adapted to lower energy in two distinct ways, each appropriate for its specific environment but with different functional penalties.
Issue Date: 2-Sep-2022
Date of Acceptance: 18-Jul-2022
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/98476
DOI: 10.7554/elife.79890
ISSN: 2050-084X
Publisher: eLife Sciences Publications Ltd
Journal / Book Title: eLife
Volume: 11
Copyright Statement: © 2022, Viola et al. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.
Keywords: molecular biophysics
structural biology
0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Publication Status: Published
Open Access location: https://elifesciences.org/articles/79890
Article Number: ARTN e7989
Online Publication Date: 2022-07-19
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Natural Sciences

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