Anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age in low- and middle-income countries between 2000 and 2018

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Title: Anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age in low- and middle-income countries between 2000 and 2018
Authors: Kinyoki, D
Osgood-Zimmerman, AE
Bhattacharjee, NV
Schaeffer, LE
Lazzar-Atwood, A
Lu, D
Ewald, SB
Donkers, KM
Letourneau, ID
Collison, M
Schipp, MF
Abajobir, A
Abbasi, S
Abbasi, N
Abbasifard, M
Abbasi-Kangevari, M
Abbastabar, H
Abd-Allah, F
Abdelalim, A
Abd-Elsalam, SM
Abdoli, A
Abdollahpour, I
Abedi, A
Abolhassani, H
Abraham, B
Abreu, LG
Abrigo, MRM
Abualhasan, A
Abu-Gharbieh, E
Abushouk, AI
Accrombessi, MMK
Adabi, M
Adebayo, OM
Adegbosin, AE
Adekanmbi, V
Adetokunboh, OO
Adeyinka, DA
Adham, D
Advani, SM
Agasthi, P
Aghaali, M
Ahmad, S
Ahmad, T
Ahmadi, K
Ahmadi, S
Ahmed, MB
Aichour, MTE
Aji, B
Akinyemi, OO
Aklilu, A
Akunna, CJ
Al-Aly, Z
Alanzi, TM
Alcalde-Rabanal, JE
Alemu, BW
Alemu, A
Alhassan, RK
Alif, SM
Alipour, V
Alizade, H
Aljunid, SM
Almasi-Hashiani, A
Al-Mekhlafi, HM
Al-Raddadi, RM
Alvis-Guzman, N
Amini, S
Amiri, F
Amugsi, DA
Anber, NH
Ancuceanu, R
Andrei, T
Anegago, MT
Anjomshoa, M
Ansari, F
Ansari-Moghaddam, A
Anteneh, ZA
Antriyandarti, E
Anvari, D
Anwer, R
Aqeel, M
Arabloo, J
Arab-Zozani, M
Aremu, O
Areri, HA
Artaman, A
Arzani, A
Asaad, M
Asadi-Aliabadi, M
Asadi-Pooya, AA
Asemahagn, MA
Asghari Jafarabadi, M
Ashebir, MM
Ataro, Z
Athari, SM
Athari, SS
Atout, MMW
Ausloos, M
Awoke, N
Ayala Quintanilla, BP
Ayano, G
Ayanore, MA
Aynalem, YA
Ayza, MA
Azadmehr, A
B, D
Babalola, TK
Badawi, A
Badiye, AD
Bahrami, MA
Bairwa, M
Bakkannavar, SM
Banik, PC
Baraki, AG
Barboza, MA
Basaleem, H
Basu, S
Bayati, M
Baye, BA
Bazmandegan, G
Bedi, N
Bekuma, TTT
Bell, ML
Bensenor, IM
Berhe, K
Berhe, AK
Berhie, KA
Bhandari, D
Bhardwaj, N
Bhardwaj, P
Bhattacharyya, K
Bhattarai, S
Bhutta, ZA
Bijani, A
Bikbov, B
Biondi, A
Birhanu, M
Biswas, RK
Bockarie, MJ
Bohlouli, S
Bohluli, M
Boloor, A
Borzouei, S
Bragazzi, NL
Braithwaite, D
Brunoni, AR
Burugina Nagaraja, S
Butt, ZA
Caetano dos Santos, FL
Cámera, LA
Car, J
Cárdenas, R
Carvalho, F
Castaldelli-Maia, JM
Castañeda-Orjuela, CA
Castro, F
Cevik, M
Chanie, WF
Charan, J
Chatterjee, S
Chattu, VK
Chaturvedi, S
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Chin, KL
Chowdhury, MAK
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Dachew, BA
Dagne, H
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Dahlawi, SMA
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Dandona, L
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Daneshpajouhnejad, P
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Das Gupta, R
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Djalalinia, S
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Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Anemia is a globally widespread condition in women and is associated with reduced economic productivity and increased mortality worldwide. Here we map annual 2000–2018 geospatial estimates of anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age (15–49 years) across 82 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), stratify anemia by severity and aggregate results to policy-relevant administrative and national levels. Additionally, we provide subnational disparity analyses to provide a comprehensive overview of anemia prevalence inequalities within these countries and predict progress toward the World Health Organization’s Global Nutrition Target (WHO GNT) to reduce anemia by half by 2030. Our results demonstrate widespread moderate improvements in overall anemia prevalence but identify only three LMICs with a high probability of achieving the WHO GNT by 2030 at a national scale, and no LMIC is expected to achieve the target in all their subnational administrative units. Our maps show where large within-country disparities occur, as well as areas likely to fall short of the WHO GNT, offering precision public health tools so that adequate resource allocation and subsequent interventions can be targeted to the most vulnerable populations.
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2021
Date of Acceptance: 1-Oct-2021
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/92668
DOI: 10.1038/s41591-021-01498-0
ISSN: 1078-8956
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Start Page: 1761
End Page: 1782
Journal / Book Title: Nature Medicine
Volume: 27
Issue: 10
Copyright Statement: © The Author(s) 2021. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Cell Biology
Medicine, Research & Experimental
Research & Experimental Medicine
CHILD GROWTH FAILURE
IRON-DEFICIENCY
GLOBAL BURDEN
PREGNANCY
MODELS
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Cell Biology
Medicine, Research & Experimental
Research & Experimental Medicine
CHILD GROWTH FAILURE
IRON-DEFICIENCY
GLOBAL BURDEN
PREGNANCY
MODELS
Adolescent
Adult
Anemia
Developing Countries
Female
Global Health
Humans
Middle Aged
Nutritional Status
Poverty
Prevalence
Young Adult
Local Burden of Disease Anaemia Collaborators
11 Medical and Health Sciences
Immunology
Publication Status: Published
Open Access location: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-021-01498-0
Online Publication Date: 2021-10-12
Appears in Collections:School of Public Health



This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons