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Trends of HIV mortality between 2001 and 2018: an observational analysis

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Title: Trends of HIV mortality between 2001 and 2018: an observational analysis
Authors: Jani, C
Patel, K
Walker, A
Al Omari, O
Crowley, C
Marshall, D
Goodall, R
Rupal, A
Salciccioli, J
Shalhoub, J
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Since the beginning of the epidemic in the early 1980s, HIV-related illness has led to the deaths of over 32.7 million individuals. The objective of this study was to describe current mortality rates for HIV through an observational analysis of HIV mortality data from 2001 to 2018 from the World Health Organization (WHO) Mortality Database. We computed age standardized death rates (ASDRs) per 100,000 population using the World Standard Population. We plotted trends using Locally weighted scatterplot smoothing (LOWESS). Data for females was available for 42 countries. 31/48 (64.60%) and 25/42 (59.52%) countries showed decreases in mortality in males and females, respectively. South Africa had the highest ASDRs for both males (467.7/100,000) and females (391.1/100,000). The lowest mortalities were noted in Egypt for males (0.2/100,000) and in Japan for females (0.01/100,000). Kyrgyzstan had the greatest increase in male (+6998.6%). Estonia had the greatest increase in female (+5877.56%). Disparity between Egypt (lowest) and South Africa (highest) was 3042-fold for males, whereas it was 43,454-fold for females between Japan (lowest) and South Africa (highest). Although there has been a decrease in mortality attributed to HIV among most of the countries studied, a rising trend remains in a number of developing countries.
Issue Date: 24-Sep-2021
Date of Acceptance: 14-Sep-2021
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/91744
DOI: 10.3390/tropicalmed6040173
ISSN: 2414-6366
Publisher: MDPI
Start Page: 1
End Page: 14
Journal / Book Title: Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
Volume: 6
Issue: 4
Copyright Statement: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2021-09-24
Appears in Collections:Department of Surgery and Cancer
National Heart and Lung Institute
Faculty of Medicine

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