5
IRUS Total
Downloads
  Altmetric

Direct numerical simulations of transient turbulent jets: vortex-interface interactions

File Description SizeFormat 
Version 3.pdfAccepted version91.58 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: Direct numerical simulations of transient turbulent jets: vortex-interface interactions
Authors: Constante-Amores, CR
Kahouadji, L
Batchvarov, A
Shin, S
Chergui, J
Juric, D
Matar, OK
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: The breakup of an interface into a cascade of droplets and their subsequent coalescence is a generic problem of central importance to a large number of industrial settings such as mixing, separations and combustion. We study the breakup of a liquid jet introduced through a cylindrical nozzle into a stagnant viscous phase via a hybrid interface-tracking/level-set method to account for the surface tension forces in a three-dimensional Cartesian domain. Numerical solutions are obtained for a range of Reynolds (Re) and Weber (We) numbers. We find that the interplay between the azimuthal and streamwise vorticity components leads to different interfacial features and flow regimes in Re–We space. We show that the streamwise vorticity plays a critical role in the development of the three-dimensional instabilities on the jet surface. In the inertia-controlled regime at high Re and We, we expose the details of the spatio-temporal development of the vortical structures affecting the interfacial dynamics. A mushroom-like structure is formed at the leading edge of the jet inducing the generation of a liquid sheet in its interior that undergoes rupture to form droplets. These droplets rotate inside the mushroom structure due to their interaction with the prevailing vortical structures. Additionally, Kelvin–Helmholtz vortices that form near the injection point deform in the streamwise direction to form hairpin vortices, which, in turn, trigger the formation of interfacial lobes in the jet core. The thinning of the lobes induces the creation of holes which expand to form liquid threads that undergo capillary breakup to form droplets.
Issue Date: 2-Jul-2021
Date of Acceptance: 1-Jul-2021
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/91157
DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2021.519
ISSN: 0022-1120
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Start Page: 1
End Page: 28
Journal / Book Title: Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Volume: 922
Copyright Statement: © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press. This article has been published in a revised form in Journal of Fluid Mechanics https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2021.519. This version is free to view and download for private research and study only. Not for re-distribution, re-sale or use in derivative works.
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (E
Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Funder's Grant Number: EP/K003976/1
EP/P033180/1
EP/T000414/1
Keywords: Science & Technology
Technology
Physical Sciences
Mechanics
Physics, Fluids & Plasmas
Physics
jets
multiphase flow
computational methods
LIQUID-JET
PRIMARY ATOMIZATION
MULTIPHASE FLOW
FRONT TRACKING
WATER-JET
BREAK-UP
DYNAMICS
GAS
FLUID
INSTABILITY
Science & Technology
Technology
Physical Sciences
Mechanics
Physics, Fluids & Plasmas
Physics
jets
multiphase flow
computational methods
LIQUID-JET
PRIMARY ATOMIZATION
MULTIPHASE FLOW
FRONT TRACKING
WATER-JET
BREAK-UP
DYNAMICS
GAS
FLUID
INSTABILITY
Fluids & Plasmas
01 Mathematical Sciences
09 Engineering
Publication Status: Published
Open Access location: https://arxiv.org/pdf/2012.01887.pdf
Article Number: ARTN A6
Online Publication Date: 2021-07-02
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering
Faculty of Natural Sciences