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Electronic health records, interoperability, and patient safety in health systems of high-income countries: a systematic review protocol

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Title: Electronic health records, interoperability, and patient safety in health systems of high-income countries: a systematic review protocol
Authors: Li, E
Clarke, J
Neves, AL
Ashrafian, H
Darzi, A
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Introduction The availability and routine use of electronic health records (EHRs) have become commonplace in healthcare systems of many high-income countries. While there is an ever-growing body of literature pertaining to EHR use, evidence surrounding the importance of EHR interoperability and its impact on patient safety remains less clear. There is therefore a need and opportunity to evaluate the evidence available regarding this relationship so as to better inform health informatics development and policies in the years to come. This systematic review aims to evaluate the impact of EHR interoperability on patient safety in health systems of high-income countries. Methods and analysis A systematic literature review will be conducted via a computerised search through four databases: PubMed, Embase, HMIC, and PsycInfo for relevant articles published between 2010 and 2020. Outcomes of interest will include: impact on patient safety, and the broader effects on health systems. Quality of the randomised quantitative studies will be assessed using Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool. Non-randomised papers will be evaluated with the Risk of Bias In Non Randomised Studies - of Interventions (ROBINS-I) tool. Drummond’s Checklist will be utilised for publications pertaining to economic evaluation. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) quality appraisal checklist will be used to assess qualitative studies. A narrative synthesis will be conducted for included studies, and the body of evidence will be summarised in a summary of findings table. Ethics and dissemination This review will summarise published studies with non-identifiable data and thus does not require ethical approval. Findings will be disseminated through preprints, open access peer reviewed publication, and conference presentations
Issue Date: 14-Jul-2021
Date of Acceptance: 16-Jun-2021
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/90240
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-044941
ISSN: 2044-6055
Publisher: BMJ Journals
Journal / Book Title: BMJ Open
Volume: 11
Issue: 7
Copyright Statement: © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2021. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ. This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to copy, redistribute, remix, transform and build upon this work for any purpose, provided the original work is properly cited, a link to the licence is given, and indication of whether changes were made. See: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: 1103 Clinical Sciences
1117 Public Health and Health Services
1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences
Publication Status: Published
Open Access location: https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/11/7/e044941.full
Article Number: ARTN e044941
Online Publication Date: 2021-07-14
Appears in Collections:Department of Surgery and Cancer
Mathematics
Applied Mathematics and Mathematical Physics
Faculty of Medicine
Institute of Global Health Innovation
Faculty of Natural Sciences



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