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Feasibility and acceptability of breath research in primary care: a prospective, cross-sectional, observational study

Title: Feasibility and acceptability of breath research in primary care: a prospective, cross-sectional, observational study
Authors: Woodfield, G
Belluomo, I
Boshier, PR
Waller, A
Fayyad, M
Von Wagner, C
Cross, AJ
Hanna, GB
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Objectives To examine the feasibility and acceptability of breath research in primary care. Design Non-randomised, prospective, mixed-methods cross-sectional observational study. Setting Twenty-six urban primary care practices. Participants 1002 patients aged 18–90 years with gastrointestinal symptoms. Main outcome measures During the first 6 months of the study (phase 1), feasibility of patient enrolment using face-to-face, telephone or SMS-messaging (Short Message Service) enrolment strategies, as well as processes for breath testing at local primary care practices, were evaluated. A mixed-method iterative study design was adopted and outcomes evaluated using weekly Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles, focus groups and general practitioner (GP) questionnaires. During the second 6 months of the study (phase 2), patient and GP acceptability of the breath test and testing process was assessed using questionnaires. In addition a ‘single practice’ recruitment model was compared with a ‘hub and spoke’ centralised recruitment model with regards to enrolment ability and patient acceptability. Throughout the study feasibility of the collection of a large number of breath samples by clinical staff over multiple study sites was evaluated and quantified by the analysis of these samples using mass spectrometry. Results 1002 patients were recruited within 192 sampling days. Both ‘single practice’ and ‘hub and spoke’ recruitment models were effective with an average of 5.3 and 4.3 patients accrued per day, respectively. The ‘hub and spoke’ model with SMS messaging was the most efficient combined method of patient accrual. Acceptability of the test was high among both patients and GPs. The methodology for collection, handling and analysis of breath samples was effective, with 95% of samples meeting quality criteria. Conclusions Large-scale breath testing in primary care was feasible and acceptable. This study provides a practical framework to guide the design of Phase III trials examining the performance of breath testing in primary care.
Issue Date: 13-Apr-2021
Date of Acceptance: 23-Mar-2021
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/90225
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-044691
ISSN: 2044-6055
Publisher: BMJ Journals
Start Page: 1
End Page: 10
Journal / Book Title: BMJ Open
Volume: 11
Issue: 4
Copyright Statement: © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2021. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
Sponsor/Funder: NIHR London In Vitro Diagnostic Cooperative programme
Funder's Grant Number: P67522
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
gastrointestinal tumours
primary care
gastroenterology
GENERAL-PRACTICE
MASS-SPECTROMETRY
CLINICAL-TRIALS
CANCER
gastroenterology
gastrointestinal tumours
primary care
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cross-Sectional Studies
Feasibility Studies
Humans
Middle Aged
Primary Health Care
Prospective Studies
Surveys and Questionnaires
Young Adult
Humans
Prospective Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Feasibility Studies
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Middle Aged
Primary Health Care
Young Adult
Surveys and Questionnaires
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
gastrointestinal tumours
primary care
gastroenterology
GENERAL-PRACTICE
MASS-SPECTROMETRY
CLINICAL-TRIALS
CANCER
1103 Clinical Sciences
1117 Public Health and Health Services
1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: ARTN e044691
Online Publication Date: 2021-04-13
Appears in Collections:Department of Surgery and Cancer
School of Public Health



This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons