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A systematic review of the costs relating to non-pharmaceutical interventions against infectious disease outbreaks

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Title: A systematic review of the costs relating to non-pharmaceutical interventions against infectious disease outbreaks
Authors: Skarp, J
Downey, LE
Ohrnberger, JWE
Cilloni, L
Hogan, AB
Sykes, AL
Wang, SS
Shah, HA
Xiao, M
Hauck, K
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Background Non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) are the cornerstone of infectious disease outbreak response in the absence of effective pharmaceutical interventions. Outbreak strategies often involve combinations of NPIs that may change according to disease prevalence and population response. Little is known about how costly each NPI is to implement. This information is essential to inform policy decisions for outbreak response. Objective To address this gap in existing literature, we conducted a systematic review on outbreak costing and simulation studies related to a number of NPI strategies, including isolating infected individuals, contact tracing and quarantine, and school closures. Methods Our search covered the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases, studies published between 1990 and 24 March 2020 were included. We included studies containing cost data for our NPIs of interest in pandemic, epidemic, and outbreak response scenarios. Results We identified 61 relevant studies. There was substantial heterogeneity in the cost components recorded for NPIs in outbreak costing studies. The direct costs of NPIs for which costing studies existed therefore also ranged widely: isolating infected individuals per case: 141.18-1042.68 USD 2020, tracing and quarantine of contacts per contact: 40.73-93.59 USD 2020 , social distancing: 33.76-167.92 USD 2020, personal protection and hygiene: 0.15-895.60 USD 2020. Conclusion While there are gaps and heterogeneity in available cost data, the findings of this review and the collated cost database serve as an important resource for evidence-based decision-making for estimating costs pertaining to NPI implementation in future outbreak response policies.
Date of Acceptance: 23-Apr-2021
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/89488
ISSN: 1175-5652
Publisher: Springer
Journal / Book Title: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
Copyright Statement: This paper is embargoed until publication. Once published it will be available fully open access.
Sponsor/Funder: Wellcome Trust
Medical Research Council (MRC)
National Institute for Health Research
Abdul Latif Jameel Foundation
Imperial College LOndon
Funder's Grant Number: 215163/Z/18/Z
MR/R015600/1
NIHR200908
Keywords: Health Policy & Services
1117 Public Health and Health Services
1402 Applied Economics
1505 Marketing
Publication Status: Accepted
Embargo Date: publication subject to indefinite embargo
Appears in Collections:School of Public Health