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Assessing the policy environment for active mobility in cities-development and feasibility of the PASTA cycling and walking policy environment score

Title: Assessing the policy environment for active mobility in cities-development and feasibility of the PASTA cycling and walking policy environment score
Authors: Kahlmeier, S
Boig, EA
Castro, A
Smeds, E
Benvenuti, F
Eriksson, U
Iacorossi, F
Nieuwenhuijsen, MJ
Panis, LI
Rojas-Rueda, D
Wegener, S
De Nazelle, A
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: The importance of setting a policy focus on promoting cycling and walking as sustainable and healthy modes of transport is increasingly recognized. However, to date a science-driven scoring system to assess the policy environment for cycling and walking is lacking. In this study, spreadsheet-based scoring systems for cycling and walking were developed, including six dimensions (cycling/walking culture, social acceptance, perception of traffic safety, advocacy, politics and urban planning). Feasibility was tested using qualitative data from pre-specified sections of semi-standardized interview and workshop reports from a European research project in seven cities, assessed independently by two experts. Disagreements were resolved by discussions of no more than 75 minutes per city. On the dimension “perception of traffic safety”, quantitative panel data were used. While the interrater agreement was fair, feasibility was confirmed in general. Validity testing against social norms towards active travel, modal split and network length was encouraging for the policy area of cycling. Rating the policy friendliness for cycling and walking separately was found to be appropriate, as different cities received the highest scores for each. Replicating this approach in a more standardized way would pave the way towards a transparent, evidence-based system for benchmarking policy approaches of cities towards cycling and walking.
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2021
Date of Acceptance: 13-Jan-2021
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/89041
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18030986
ISSN: 1660-4601
Publisher: MDPI AG
Start Page: 1
End Page: 13
Journal / Book Title: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume: 18
Issue: 3
Copyright Statement: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Sponsor/Funder: Commission of the European Communities
Funder's Grant Number: 602624
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
cycling
walking
active travel policy assessment
scoring
transport planning
active travel policy assessment
cycling
scoring
transport planning
walking
Bicycling
Cities
Environment Design
Feasibility Studies
Humans
Policy
Transportation
Walking
Humans
Walking
Feasibility Studies
Cities
Environment Design
Bicycling
Transportation
Policy
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
cycling
walking
active travel policy assessment
scoring
transport planning
Toxicology
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: ARTN 986
Online Publication Date: 2021-01-22
Appears in Collections:Centre for Environmental Policy



This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons