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Socioeconomic and behavioral correlates of COVID-19 infections among hospital workers in the Greater Jakarta Area, Indonesia: a cross-sectional study

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Title: Socioeconomic and behavioral correlates of COVID-19 infections among hospital workers in the Greater Jakarta Area, Indonesia: a cross-sectional study
Authors: Bella, A
Akbar, MT
Kusnadi, G
Herlinda, O
Regita, PA
Kusuma, D
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: (1) Background: because of close contacts with COVID-19 patients, hospital workers are among the highest risk groups for infection. This study examined the socioeconomic and behavioral correlates of COVID-19 infection among hospital workers in Indonesia, the country hardest-hit by the disease in the Southeast Asia region. (2) Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional study, which collected data from 1397 hospital staff from eight hospitals in the Greater Jakarta area during April–July 2020. The data was collected using an online self-administered questionnaire and Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) tests. We employed descriptive statistics and adjusted and unadjusted logistic regressions to analyze the data of hospital workers as well as the subgroups of healthcare and non-healthcare workers. (3) Results: from a total of 1397 hospital staff in the study, 22 (1.6%) were infected. In terms of correlates, being a healthcare worker (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 8.31, 95% CI 1.27–54.54) and having a household size of more than five (AOR = 4.09, 1.02–16.43) were significantly associated with a higher risk of infection. On the other hand, those with middle- and upper-expenditure levels were shown to have a lower risk of infection (AOR = 0.06, 0.01–0.66). Behavioral factors associated with COVID-19 infection among healthcare and non-healthcare workers included knowledge of standard personal protective equipment (PPE) (AOR = 0.08, 0.01–0.54) and application of the six-step handwashing technique (AOR = 0.32, 0.12–0.83). (4) Conclusion: among hospital staff, correlates of COVID-19 infection included being a healthcare worker, household size, expenditure level, knowledge and use of PPE, and application of appropriate hand washing techniques.
Issue Date: 11-May-2021
Date of Acceptance: 7-May-2021
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/88385
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18105048
ISSN: 1660-4601
Publisher: MDPI AG
Journal / Book Title: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume: 18
Issue: 10
Copyright Statement: © 2021 by the authors.Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.This article is an open access articledistributed under the terms andconditions of the Creative CommonsAttribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Toxicology
Publication Status: Published
Open Access location: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/10/5048/htm
Article Number: ARTN 5048
Appears in Collections:Imperial College Business School
Imperial College London COVID-19



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