Countering the effects of habitat loss, fragmentation, and degradation through habitat restoration

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Title: Countering the effects of habitat loss, fragmentation, and degradation through habitat restoration
Authors: Banks-Leite, C
Ewers, R
Folkard-Tapp, H
Fraser, A
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Habitat loss, fragmentation and degradation impacts are the most direct threat to global biodiversity. In this Primer, we discuss how these three forms of habitat transformation are inextricably intertwined, and how their effects on biodiversity and ecosystems are often context-specific. We draw on recent analyses that have explored this context-dependence directly, to discuss how local-scale impacts of habitat transformation are mediated by biogeographic-scale variation in evolutionary histories and species’ geographic ranges. We also discuss how changes to ecosystem functions and services in modified habitats can be just as context-dependent – and how these changes are further obscured by high levels of ecological redundancy in species functions, which can confer resilience to habitat transformation. To avoid the impending extinction of millions of species, it is crucial that the impacts of habitat transformation are mitigated through a combination of preventing further habitat loss while simultaneously extending and repairing the habitats that remain.
Issue Date: 18-Dec-2020
Date of Acceptance: 24-Nov-2020
DOI: 10.1016/j.oneear.2020.11.016
ISSN: 2590-3322
Publisher: Cell Press
Start Page: 672
End Page: 676
Journal / Book Title: One Earth
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Copyright Statement: © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This manuscript is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Green & Sustainable Science & Technology
Environmental Sciences
Environmental Studies
Science & Technology - Other Topics
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2020-12-18
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Natural Sciences

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons