May measurement month 2018: blood pressure screening results in Cameroon.

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Title: May measurement month 2018: blood pressure screening results in Cameroon.
Authors: Dzudie, A
Njume, E
Boombhi, J
Awungia, A
Ndom, MS
Ebasone, PV
Djomou A, A
Ba, H
Mfekeu, LK
Menanga, A
Kamdem, F
Xia, X
Ster, AC
Beaney, T
Poulter, N
Kingue, S
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Hypertension is a global public health challenge, but awareness, treatment, and control rates remain low. May Measurement Month (MMM) creates a platform for awareness creation and opportunistic screening which can identify significant numbers with raised blood pressure (BP). We present results of the 2018 edition of MMM in Cameroon. A cross-sectional survey of self-selected volunteers aged ≥18 years was conducted in May 2018. The definition of hypertension and statistical analyses followed the standard protocol. Data were collected from 28 public (indoors and outdoors) and private locations which were assigned unique site identification numbers, over a 30-day period. Of the 8883 participants screened, 53.8% were male and the median age was 35 (interquartile range 21) years, and 30.0% reported not having a previous BP measurement. After imputation, 1867 (21.0%) were hypertensive, 645 (34.5%) were aware of their diagnosis, and 507 (27.2%) were on antihypertensive medication, among whom 242 (47.8%) had controlled BP. In linear regression models adjusting for age, sex, and the use of antihypertensive medication, systolic and diastolic BP were significantly higher in participants aware of their diagnosis, those on antihypertensive medication, and who reported alcohol intake of 1-3 times per month and, one or more times per week. Hypertension prevalence is the lowest, and awareness, treatments, and control rates the highest reported in epidemiological studies in Cameroon in the last two decades. Further surveys will be useful in evaluating the impact, if any, of the MMM campaign on the burden of hypertension in the Cameroon.
Issue Date: Aug-2020
Date of Acceptance: 1-Aug-2020
DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/suaa019
ISSN: 1520-765X
Publisher: European Society of Cardiology
Start Page: H33
End Page: H36
Journal / Book Title: European Heart Journal Supplements
Volume: 22
Issue: Suppl H
Copyright Statement: © The Author(s) 2020. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact
Keywords: Blood pressure
Blood pressure
Cardiovascular System & Hematology
1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Publication Status: Published
Conference Place: England
Online Publication Date: 2020-08-28
Appears in Collections:School of Public Health

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