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An integrated approach to numerical modelling of metal fatigue crack propagation

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Title: An integrated approach to numerical modelling of metal fatigue crack propagation
Authors: Soyemi, Adeleke
Item Type: Thesis or dissertation
Abstract: Engineering structures, especially ones that are built-up such as steel bridges and offshore structures, usually contain imperfections in the form of material discontinuities or cracks, arising from the fabrication process, inherent material defects or weak welded or bolted joints. In many cases, this leads to the initiation and propagation of fatigue cracking under repeated loading cycles which require urgent attention. Thus, it has become increasingly necessary to undertake regular inspections in order to prevent the service breakdown of such structures that can potentially bring significant economic risk. Due to limited resources, these checks require an optimised inspection schedule, which can only be achieved through in-depth understanding of the fatigue crack behaviour of any identified cracks. Realising the need for an efficient strategy to undertake such studies, this work proposes a mechanics-based framework that allows realistic cycle-by-cycle fatigue crack growth analysis to be undertaken through an accelerated computation of damage under cyclic loading. A novel material integration (MI) technique is proposed in this work, which computes an accelerated fatigue damage over a number of cycles by integrating the constitutive behaviour of a material point undergoing fatigue damage. Comparisons with existing techniques such as the linear extrapolation technique (LE) and the linear scaling (LS) technique demonstrates its capability to approximate the acceleration of fatigue damage over a sizeable block of constant amplitude loading cycles, thereby achieving a faster computation for an otherwise impracticable numerical cycle-by-cycle solution. In addition, this study has also developed a new framework that is capable of adaptive simulation of fatigue crack growth studies with the purpose of saving computational time, hence targeted towards large scale analyses. This framework is based on a novel shell element formulation allowing for embedded discontinuities, which is coupled with criteria for crack propagation and orientation over a mesh of elements. Verification studies are undertaken on realistic components to demonstrate the accuracy of the proposed adaptive analysis procedure, and an application study on a representative steel deck substructure is presented to illustrate the applicability of the proposed approach to real problems.
Content Version: Open Access
Issue Date: Jan-2020
Date Awarded: May-2020
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/84219
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25560/84219
Copyright Statement: Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial Licence
Supervisor: Izzuddin, Bassam
Sponsor/Funder: Petroleum Technology Development Fund, Nigeria
Department: Civil and Environmental Engineering
Publisher: Imperial College London
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Qualification Name: Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Appears in Collections:Civil and Environmental Engineering PhD theses

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