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A molecular shift register made using tunable charge patterns in one-dimensional molecular arrays on graphene

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Title: A molecular shift register made using tunable charge patterns in one-dimensional molecular arrays on graphene
Authors: Tsai, H-Z
Lischner, J
Omrani, AA
Liou, F
Aikawa, AS
Karrasch, C
Wickenburg, S
Riss, A
Natividad, KC
Chen, J
Choi, W-W
Watanabe, K
Taniguchi, T
Su, C
Louie, SG
Zettl, A
Lu, J
Crommie, MF
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: The ability to tune the electronic properties of molecular arrays is an important step in the development of molecule-scale electronic devices. However, control over internal device charge distributions by tuning interactions between molecules has proved challenging. Here, we show that gate-tunable charge patterning can occur in one-dimensional molecular arrays on graphene field-effect transistors. One-dimensional molecular arrays are fabricated using an edge-templated self-assembly process that allows organic molecules (F4TCNQ) to be precisely positioned on graphene devices. The charge configurations of the molecular arrays can be reversibly switched between different collective charge states by tuning the graphene Fermi level via a back-gate electrode. Charge pinning at the ends of the molecular arrays allows the charge state of the entire array to be controlled by adding or removing an edge molecule and changing the total number of molecules in an array between odd and even integers. Charge patterns altered in this way propagate down the array in a cascade effect, allowing the array to function as a charge-based molecular shift register. An extended multi-site Anderson impurity model is used to quantitatively explain this behaviour.
Issue Date: 28-Sep-2020
Date of Acceptance: 1-Sep-2020
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/83305
DOI: 10.1038/s41928-020-00479-4
ISSN: 2520-1131
Publisher: Nature Research
Start Page: 598
End Page: 603
Journal / Book Title: Nature Electronics
Volume: 3
Copyright Statement: © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited 2020. The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1038/s41928-020-00479-4
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2020-09-28
Appears in Collections:Materials