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Culzean country park - how an iconic Scottish landscape used designation to secure a sustainable future

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Title: Culzean country park - how an iconic Scottish landscape used designation to secure a sustainable future
Authors: Woudstra, J
Back, P
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: When in 1969 Culzean, Ayrshire, was designated as Scotland’s first country park, it utilised legislative provisions intended to provide countryside recreation space for motorists. This paper offers a critical review of the designation process, revealing how this was used by the National Trust for Scotland as a mechanism to manage their prime property, and particularly to achieve a financially sustainable future. It shows how creative financing, bending rules, manipulating expectations, and flexibility were applied through partnerships with public authorities that were beneficial to all parties, while not quite adhering to the intent of the legislation. Culzean achieved acclaim, offered an exemplar to be followed by its counterparts, and informed perceptions and definitions of the British country park. A review of this experience is critical in that austerity is now threatening the existing funding model and new funding models are needed. An understanding of historic processes may help inform present solutions.
Issue Date: 25-Aug-2020
Date of Acceptance: 1-Aug-2020
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/82955
DOI: 10.1080/01426397.2020.1808960
ISSN: 0142-6397
Publisher: Routledge
Start Page: 1032
End Page: 1046
Journal / Book Title: Landscape Research
Volume: 45
Issue: 8
Copyright Statement: © 2020 Landscape Research Group Ltd. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Landscape Research on 25 Aug 2020, available online: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01426397.2020.1808960
Keywords: Science & Technology
Social Sciences
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Studies
Geography
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Country parks
countryside recreation
Culzean
designated landscapes
visitor management
visitor attractions
heritage conservation
Science & Technology
Social Sciences
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Studies
Geography
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Country parks
countryside recreation
Culzean
designated landscapes
visitor management
visitor attractions
heritage conservation
Urban & Regional Planning
05 Environmental Sciences
12 Built Environment and Design
16 Studies in Human Society
Publication Status: Published
Embargo Date: 2022-02-25
Online Publication Date: 2020-08-25
Appears in Collections:Centre for Environmental Policy
Faculty of Natural Sciences