Geographic and socioeconomic disparity in cardiovascular risk factors in Indonesia: analysis of the Basic Health Research 2018

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Title: Geographic and socioeconomic disparity in cardiovascular risk factors in Indonesia: analysis of the Basic Health Research 2018
Authors: Adisasmito, W
Amir, V
Atin, A
Megraini, A
Kusuma, D
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Background Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) accounted for over 17 million deaths and 353 million disability-adjusted life years lost in 2016. The risk factors are also high and increasing with high blood pressure, smoking, and high body mass index contributed to up to 212 million disability-adjusted life years in 2016. To help reduce the burden, it is crucial to understand the geographic and socioeconomic disparities in CVD risk factors. Methods Employing both geospatial and quantitative analyses, we analyzed the disparities in the prevalence of smoking, physical inactivity, obesity, hypertension, and diabetes in Indonesia. CVD data was from Riskesdas 2018, and socioeconomic data was from the World Bank. Results Our findings show a very high prevalence of CVD risk factors with the prevalence of smoking, physical activity, obesity, hypertension ranged from 28 to 33%. Results also show the geographic disparity in CVD risk factors in all five Indonesian regions. Moreover, results show socioeconomic disparity with the prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes are higher among urban and the richest and most educated districts while that physical inactivity and smoking is higher among rural and the least educated districts. Conclusion The CVD burden is high and increasing in particularly among urban areas and districts with higher income and education levels. While the government needs to continue tackling the persistent burden from maternal mortality and infectious diseases, they need to put more effort into the prevention and control of CVDs and their risk factors.
Issue Date: 26-Jun-2020
Date of Acceptance: 12-Jun-2020
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/82456
DOI: 10.1186/s12889-020-09099-1
ISSN: 1471-2458
Publisher: BioMed Central
Start Page: 1
End Page: 13
Journal / Book Title: BMC Public Health
Volume: 20
Issue: 1
Copyright Statement: © The Author(s). 2020 Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Cardiovascular risk factors
Geographic
Socioeconomic
Disparity
Indonesia
INEQUALITIES
TRENDS
DISEASE
POSITION
SMOKING
Cardiovascular risk factors
Disparity
Geographic
Indonesia
Socioeconomic
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Cardiovascular risk factors
Geographic
Socioeconomic
Disparity
Indonesia
INEQUALITIES
TRENDS
DISEASE
POSITION
SMOKING
1117 Public Health and Health Services
Public Health
Publication Status: Published
Open Access location: https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-020-09099-1
Online Publication Date: 2020-06-26
Appears in Collections:Imperial College Business School



This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons