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Tribological evaluation of a novel hybrid for repair of articular cartilage defects

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Title: Tribological evaluation of a novel hybrid for repair of articular cartilage defects
Authors: Parkes, M
Tallia, F
Young, G
Cann, P
Jones, J
Jeffers, J
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: The friction and wear properties of silica/poly(tetrahydrofuran)/poly(ε-caprolactone) (SiO2/PTHF/PCL-diCOOH) hybrid materials that are proposed as cartilage tissue engineering materials were investigated against living articular cartilage. A testing rig was designed to allow testing against fresh bovine cartilage. The friction force and wear were compared for five compositions of the hybrid biomaterial articulating against freshly harvested bovine cartilage in diluted bovine calf serum. Under a non-migrating contact, the friction force increased and hence shear force applied to the opposing articular cartilage also increased, resulting in minor damage to the cartilage surface. This worse case testing scenario was used to discriminate between material formulations and revealed the increase in friction and damaged area was lowest for the hybrid containing the most silica. Further friction and wear tests on one hybrid formulation with an elastic modulus closest to that of cartilage were then conducted in a custom incubator system. This demonstrated that over a five day period the friction force, cell viability and glucosaminoglycan (GAG) release into the lubricant were similar between a cartilage-cartilage interface and the hybrid-cartilage interface, supporting the use of these materials for cartilage repair. These results demonstrate how tribology testing can play a part in the development of new materials for chondral tissue engineering.
Issue Date: Feb-2021
Date of Acceptance: 6-Sep-2020
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/82193
DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2020.111495
ISSN: 0928-4931
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 1
End Page: 10
Journal / Book Title: Materials Science and Engineering C: Materials for Biological Applications
Volume: 119
Copyright Statement: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
National Institute for Health Research
Funder's Grant Number: EP/K027549/1
Keywords: 0903 Biomedical Engineering
0912 Materials Engineering
Biomedical Engineering
Publication Status: Published online
Article Number: 111495
Online Publication Date: 2020-09-09
Appears in Collections:Mechanical Engineering
Faculty of Natural Sciences
Faculty of Engineering

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons