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Assessing the suitability of the greenhouse gas protocol for calculation of emissions from public cloud computing workloads

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Title: Assessing the suitability of the greenhouse gas protocol for calculation of emissions from public cloud computing workloads
Authors: Mytton, D
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Efficiency improvements over the past decade have meant that data center energy usage has decoupled from the growth in IT workloads. Much of this efficiency improvement has been attributed to innovations made by “hyperscale” public cloud vendors, where a large proportion of new IT workloads are now being deployed. However, the move to the cloud is making it more difficult to assess the environmental impact of workloads deployed there. Although the large cloud vendors are amongst the largest purchasers of renewable electricity, customers do not have access to the data they need to complete emissions assessments under the Greenhouse Gas Protocol. Data such as Power Usage Effectiveness, emissions factors and equipment embodied energy are not available from public cloud vendors. This paper demonstrates how the Greenhouse Gas Protocol method of assessment of IT emissions does not work for public cloud environments and suggests how this can be tackled by the cloud vendors themselves.
Issue Date: 8-Aug-2020
Date of Acceptance: 24-Jun-2020
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/81152
DOI: 10.1186/s13677-020-00185-8
ISSN: 2192-113X
Publisher: Springer
Start Page: 1
End Page: 11
Journal / Book Title: Journal of Cloud Computing : Advances, Systems and Applications
Volume: 9
Issue: 45
Copyright Statement: © The Author(s). 2020 Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Cloud Computing
Greenhouse Effect
Climate Change
Computer Communication Networks
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2020-08-08
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Natural Sciences

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons