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An approach for building occupancy modelling considering the urban context

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Title: An approach for building occupancy modelling considering the urban context
Authors: Hou, H
Pawlak, J
Sivakumar, A
Howard, B
Polak, J
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Building occupancy, which reflects occupant presence, movements and activities within the building space, is a key factor to consider in building energy modelling and simulation. Characterising complex occupant behaviours and their determinants poses challenges from the sensing, modelling, interpretation and prediction perspectives. Past studies typically applied time-dependent models to predict regular occupancy patterns for commercial buildings. However, this prevalent reliance on purely time-of-day effects is typically not sufficient to accurately characterise the complex occupancy patterns as they may vary with building’s surrounding conditions, i.e. the urban environment. Therefore, this research proposes a conceptual framework to incorporate the interactions between urban systems and building occupancy. Under the framework, we propose a novel modelling methodology relying on competing risk hazard formulation to analyse the occupancy of a case study building in London, UK. The occupancy profiles were inferred from the Wi-Fi connection logs extracted from the existing Wi-Fi infrastructure. When compared with the conventional discrete-time Markov Chain Model (MCM), the hazard-based modelling approach was able to better capture the duration dependent nature of the transition probabilities as well as incorporate and quantify the influence of the local environment on occupancy transitions. The work has demonstrated that this approach enables a convenient and flexible incorporation of urban dependencies leading to accurate occupancy predictions whilst providing the ability to interpret the impacts of urban systems on building occupancy. Keywords: Urban system; Competing risk hazard model; Building occupancy simulation; Wi4 Fi connection data
Issue Date: Oct-2020
Date of Acceptance: 10-Jul-2020
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/80587
DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2020.107126
ISSN: 0360-1323
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 1
End Page: 18
Journal / Book Title: Building and Environment
Volume: 183
Copyright Statement: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Funder's Grant Number: EP/R045518/1
Keywords: Building & Construction
0502 Environmental Science and Management
1201 Architecture
1202 Building
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2020-07-31
Appears in Collections:Civil and Environmental Engineering
Faculty of Engineering

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons