50
IRUS Total
Downloads
  Altmetric

The RUTH Gripper: systematic object-invariant prehensile in-hand manipulation via reconfigurable underactuation

Title: The RUTH Gripper: systematic object-invariant prehensile in-hand manipulation via reconfigurable underactuation
Authors: Lu, Q
Baron, N
Clark, A
Rojas, N
Item Type: Conference Paper
Abstract: We introduce a reconfigurable underactuated robothand able to perform systematic prehensile in-hand manipu-lations regardless of object size or shape. The hand utilisesa two-degree-of-freedom five-bar linkage as the palm of thegripper, with three three-phalanx underactuated fingers—jointlycontrolled by a single actuator—connected to the mobile revolutejoints of the palm. Three actuators are used in the robot handsystem, one for controlling the force exerted on objects by thefingers and two for changing the configuration of the palm.This novel layout allows decoupling grasping and manipulation,facilitating the planning and execution of in-hand manipulationoperations. The reconfigurable palm provides the hand withlarge grasping versatility, and allows easy computation of amap between task space and joint space for manipulation basedon distance-based linkage kinematics. The motion of objects ofdifferent sizes and shapes from one pose to another is thenstraightforward and systematic, provided the objects are keptgrasped. This is guaranteed independently and passively by theunderactuated fingers using a custom tendon routing method,which allows no tendon length variation when the relative fingerbase position changes with palm reconfigurations. We analysethe theoretical grasping workspace and manipulation capabilityof the hand, present algorithms for computing the manipulationmap and in-hand manipulation planning, and evaluate all theseexperimentally. Numerical and empirical results of several ma-nipulation trajectories with objects of different size and shapeclearly demonstrate the viability of the proposed concept.
Issue Date: 12-Jul-2020
Date of Acceptance: 5-May-2020
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/80097
Publisher: RSS
Copyright Statement: © 2020 The Author(s).
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Funder's Grant Number: EP/R020833/1
Conference Name: Robotics: Science and Systems
Publication Status: Published
Start Date: 2020-07-12
Finish Date: 2020-07-16
Appears in Collections:Dyson School of Design Engineering