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Travel-based multitasking: review of the role of digital activities and connectivity

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Title: Travel-based multitasking: review of the role of digital activities and connectivity
Authors: Pawlak, J
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Travel-based multitasking, also referred to as travel time use, is now a well-established concept, whose existence is supported by the technological trajectories, with mobile information and communication technologies (ICT) and vehicle automation working together to allow travel time to be more productive and enjoyable. Despite existence of reviews of travel-time multitasking studies, the systematic overview of the role digital activities, i.e. those that necessarily require modern ICT equipment to participate, has been limited, often wrapped under the umbrella term “use of ICT”, potentially obscuring their complexity and sophistication. Similarly, the role of connectivity and its attributes, e.g. speed (bandwidth), reliability, price, ease of use, data allowance or security, deserves a more systematic overview given its key role in enabling digital online activities and hence the travel-based multitasking options. This paper provides a review of 77 empirical travel-based multitasking-studies that explored the role of digital activities or connectivity. In particular, the review discusses the existing typologies of digital activities, dividing them into hardware-centric, function-centric or a combination of both (mixed). Subsequently, key contributions are discussed with respect to the treatment of digital activities and connectivity and its attributes. Based on the review, it is possible to observe that the existing studies have looked only at a handful of rather restricted online activities that do not sufficiently capture the sophistication with which individuals interact with the virtual world nowadays. Furthermore, the role of connectivity, although deeply embedded in the “C” of the “ICT” concept, has not been looked at or modelled in any detail in studies related to travel time use or its quality. This existing shortcoming might have resulted in an insufficient understanding of the mechanisms driving travel time use, the associated experience indicators of customer satisfaction, productivity or the consequences for relative attractiveness of transport modes. All of these considerations remain, however, crucial for designing, appraising and operating transport infrastructure and services that are able to take the advantage of lifestyle digitisation to meet the increasing customer needs while also delivering broader economic, social benefits and possibly also environmental benefits.
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2020
Date of Acceptance: 2-Feb-2020
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/77474
DOI: 10.1080/01441647.2020.1728418
ISSN: 0144-1647
Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Start Page: 429
End Page: 456
Journal / Book Title: Transport Reviews
Volume: 40
Issue: 4
Copyright Statement: © 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Transport Reviews on 17 February 2020, available online: https://doi.org/10.1080/01441647.2020.1728418
Keywords: Science & Technology
Technology
Transportation
Connectivity
ICT
digital activities
online activities
multitasking
travel time use
TIME-USE
RAIL PASSENGERS
BUSINESS TRAVELERS
PUBLIC TRANSPORT
TRAIN
COMMUTERS
CORRIDOR
POSTURES
SAVINGS
JOURNEY
Logistics & Transportation
1205 Urban and Regional Planning
1507 Transportation and Freight Services
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2020-02-17
Appears in Collections:Civil and Environmental Engineering
Faculty of Engineering