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Mapping child growth failure across low- and middle-income countries

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Title: Mapping child growth failure across low- and middle-income countries
Authors: Kinyoki, DK
Osgood-Zimmerman, AE
Pickering, BV
Schaeffer, LE
Marczak, LB
Lazzar-Atwood, A
Collison, ML
Henry, NJ
Abebe, Z
Adamu, AA
Adekanmbi, V
Ahmadi, K
Ajumobi, O
Al-Eyadhy, A
Al-Raddadi, RM
Alahdab, F
Alijanzadeh, M
Alipour, V
Altirkawi, K
Amini, S
Andrei, CL
Antonio, CAT
Arabloo, J
Aremu, O
Asadi-Aliabadi, M
Atique, S
Ausloos, M
Avila, M
Awasthi, A
Ayala Quintanilla, BP
Azari, S
Badawi, A
Baernighausen, TW
Bassat, Q
Baye, K
Bedi, N
Bekele, BB
Bell, ML
Bhattacharjee, NV
Bhattacharyya, K
Bhattarai, S
Bhutta, ZA
Biadgo, B
Bikbov, B
Briko, AN
Britton, G
Burstein, R
Butt, ZA
Car, J
Castaneda-Orjuela, CA
Castro, F
Cerin, E
Chipeta, MG
Chu, D-T
Cork, MA
Cromwell, EA
Cuevas-Nasu, L
Dandona, L
Dandona, R
Daoud, F
Das Gupta, R
Weaver, ND
De Leo, D
De Neve, J-W
Deribe, K
Desalegn, BB
Deshpande, A
Desta, M
Diaz, D
Tadese Dinberu, M
Doku, DT
Dubey, M
Duraes, AR
Dwyer-Lindgren, L
Earl, L
Effiong, A
Zaki, MES
El Tantawi, M
El-Khatib, Z
Eshrati, B
Fareed, M
Faro, A
Fereshtehnejad, S-M
Filip, I
Fischer, F
Foigt, NA
Folayan, MO
Fukumoto, T
Gebrehiwot, TT
Gezae, KE
Ghajar, A
Gill, PS
Gona, PN
Gopalani, SV
Grada, A
Guo, Y
Haj-Mirzaian, A
Haj-Mirzaian, A
Hall, JB
Hamidi, S
Henok, A
Prado, BH
Herrero, M
Herteliu, C
Hoang, CL
Hole, MK
Hossain, N
Hosseinzadeh, M
Hu, G
Islam, SMS
Jakovljevic, M
Jha, RP
Jonas, JB
Jozwiak, JJ
Kahsay, A
Kanchan, T
Karami, M
Kasaeian, A
Khader, YS
Khan, EA
Khater, MM
Kim, YJ
Kimokoti, RW
Kisa, A
Kochhar, S
Kosen, S
Koyanagi, A
Krishan, K
Defo, BK
Kumar, GA
Kumar, M
Lad, SD
Lami, FH
Lee, PH
Levine, AJ
Li, S
Linn, S
Lodha, R
Abd El Razek, HM
Abd El Razek, MM
Majdan, M
Majeed, A
Malekzadeh, R
Malta, DC
Mamun, AA
Mansournia, MA
Martins-Melo, FR
Masaka, A
Massenburg, BB
Mayala, BK
Mejia-Rodriguez, F
Melku, M
Mendoza, W
Mensah, GA
Miazgowski, T
Miller, TR
Mini, GK
Mirrakhimov, EM
Moazen, B
Darwesh, AM
Mohammed, S
Mohebi, F
Mokdad, AH
Moodley, Y
Moradi, G
Moradi-Lakeh, M
Moraga, P
Morrison, SD
Mosser, JF
Mousavi, SM
Mueller, UO
Murray, CJL
Mustafa, G
Naderi, M
Naghavi, M
Najafi, F
Nangia, V
Ndwandwe, DE
Negoi, I
Ngunjiri, JW
Huong, LTN
Nguyen, LH
Son, HN
Nie, J
Nnaji, CA
Noubiap, JJ
Shiadeh, MN
Nyasulu, PS
Ogbo, FA
Olagunju, AT
Olusanya, BO
Olusanya, JO
Ortiz-Panozo, E
Otstavnov, SS
Mahesh, PA
Pana, A
Pandey, A
Pati, S
Patil, ST
Patton, GC
Perico, N
Pigott, DM
Pirsaheb, M
Piwoz, EG
Postma, MJ
Pourshams, A
Prakash, S
Quintana, H
Radfar, A
Rafiei, A
Rahimi-Movaghar, V
Rai, RK
Rajati, F
Rawaf, DL
Rawaf, S
Rawat, R
Remuzzi, G
Renzaho, AMN
Rios-Gonzalez, C
Roever, L
Ross, JM
Rostami, A
Sadat, N
Safari, Y
Safdarian, M
Sahebkar, A
Salam, N
Salamati, P
Salimi, Y
Salimzadeh, H
Samy, AM
Sartorius, B
Sathian, B
Schipp, MF
Schwebel, DC
Senbeta, AM
Sepanlou, SG
Shaikh, MA
Levy, TS
Shamsi, M
Sharafi, K
Sharma, R
Sheikh, A
Shil, A
Silva, DAS
Singh, JA
Sinha, DN
Soofi, M
Sudaryanto, A
Sufiyan, MB
Tabares-Seisdedos, R
Tadesse, BT
Temsah, M-H
Terkawi, AS
Tessema, ZT
Thorne-Lyman, AL
Tovani-Palone, MR
Tran, BX
Tran, KB
Ullah, I
Uthman, OA
Vaezghasemi, M
Vaezi, A
Valdez, PR
Vanderheide, J
Veisani, Y
Violante, FS
Vlassov, V
Vu, GT
Vu, LG
Waheed, Y
Walson, JL
Wang, Y
Wang, Y-P
Wangia, EN
Werdecker, A
Xu, G
Yamada, T
Yisma, E
Yonemoto, N
Younis, MZ
Yousefifard, M
Yu, C
Bin Zaman, S
Zamani, M
Zhang, Y
Kassebaum, NJ
Hay, SI
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Childhood malnutrition is associated with high morbidity and mortality globally1. Undernourished children are more likely to experience cognitive, physical, and metabolic developmental impairments that can lead to later cardiovascular disease, reduced intellectual ability and school attainment, and reduced economic productivity in adulthood2. Child growth failure (CGF), expressed as stunting, wasting, and underweight in children under five years of age (0–59 months), is a specific subset of undernutrition characterized by insufficient height or weight against age-specific growth reference standards3,4,5. The prevalence of stunting, wasting, or underweight in children under five is the proportion of children with a height-for-age, weight-for-height, or weight-for-age z-score, respectively, that is more than two standard deviations below the World Health Organization’s median growth reference standards for a healthy population6. Subnational estimates of CGF report substantial heterogeneity within countries, but are available primarily at the first administrative level (for example, states or provinces)7; the uneven geographical distribution of CGF has motivated further calls for assessments that can match the local scale of many public health programmes8. Building from our previous work mapping CGF in Africa9, here we provide the first, to our knowledge, mapped high-spatial-resolution estimates of CGF indicators from 2000 to 2017 across 105 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where 99% of affected children live1, aggregated to policy-relevant first and second (for example, districts or counties) administrative-level units and national levels. Despite remarkable declines over the study period, many LMICs remain far from the ambitious World Health Organization Global Nutrition Targets to reduce stunting by 40% and wasting to less than 5% by 2025. Large disparities in prevalence and progress exist across and within countries; our maps identify high-prevalence areas even within nations otherwise succeeding in reducing overall CGF prevalence. By highlighting where the highest-need populations reside, these geospatial estimates can support policy-makers in planning interventions that are adapted locally and in efficiently directing resources towards reducing CGF and its health implications.
Issue Date: 8-Jan-2020
Date of Acceptance: 14-Nov-2019
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/76715
DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1878-8
ISSN: 0028-0836
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Start Page: 231
End Page: 234
Journal / Book Title: Nature
Volume: 577
Issue: 7789
Copyright Statement: © 2020 The Author(s). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Science & Technology
Multidisciplinary Sciences
Science & Technology - Other Topics
HEALTH
MORTALITY
AFRICA
WEIGHT
AGE
Local Burden of Disease Child Growth Failure Collaborators
General Science & Technology
Publication Status: Published
Open Access location: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-1545-0
Appears in Collections:School of Public Health