6
IRUS Total
Downloads

Changes in plasma phospholipid fatty acid profiles over 13 years and correlates of change: European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Norfolk Study

Title: Changes in plasma phospholipid fatty acid profiles over 13 years and correlates of change: European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Norfolk Study
Authors: Zheng, J-S
Imamura, F
Sharp, SJ
Koulman, A
Griffin, JL
Mulligan, AA
Luben, R
Khaw, K-T
Wareham, NJ
Forouhi, NG
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Background Little is known about changes in blood fatty acid compositions over time and the correlates of any changes in a general population. Objective The aim of this study was to estimate changes in 27 individual plasma phospholipid fatty acids and fatty acid groups over time, and to identify potential correlates of these changes. Methods Plasma phospholipid fatty acids were profiled at 3 time-points (1993–1997, 1998–2000, 2004–2011) among 722 participants in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Norfolk Study, UK. Linear regression models were used to estimate both 1) mean changes over time in 27 individual fatty acids and 8 prespecified fatty acid groups and 2) associations of changes in dietary and lifestyle factors with changes in the 8 fatty acid groups, mutually adjusted for dietary/lifestyle factors and other confounders. The prespecified fatty acid groups were odd-chain saturated fatty acids (SFAs), even-chain SFAs, very-long-chain SFAs, marine n–3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), plant n–3 PUFA, n–6 PUFAs, monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), and trans-fatty acids (TFAs). Results Adjusted for confounders, fatty acid concentrations decreased for odd-chain SFAs (annual percentage difference in mol percentage: −0.63%), even-chain SFAs (−0.05%), n–6 PUFAs (−0.25%), and TFAs (−7.84%). In contrast, concentrations increased for marine n–3 PUFAs (1.28%) and MUFAs (0.45%), but there were no changes in very-long-chain SFAs or plant n–3 PUFA. Changes in fatty acid levels were associated with consumption of different food groups. For example, a mean 100 g/d increase in fatty fish intake was associated with a 19.3% greater annual increase in marine n–3 PUFAs. Conclusions Even-chain SFAs and TFAs declined and marine n–3 PUFAs increased over time. These changes were partially explained by changes in dietary habits, and could potentially help interpret associations of baseline fatty acid composition with future disease risk.
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2019
Date of Acceptance: 6-Feb-2019
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/75312
DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/nqz030
ISSN: 0002-9165
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Start Page: 1527
End Page: 1534
Journal / Book Title: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume: 109
Issue: 6
Copyright Statement: © American Society for Nutrition 2019. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Nutrition & Dietetics
plasma phospholipid fatty acids
saturated fatty acids
trans-fatty acids
n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
change
correlates
repeated measurement
DIETARY ASSESSMENT METHODS
WEIGHED RECORDS
NATIONAL DIET
ROLLING PROGRAM
1ST YEAR
TERM
OMEGA-3-FATTY-ACIDS
VALIDATION
NITROGEN
RISK
change
correlates
n–3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
plasma phospholipid fatty acids
repeated measurement
saturated fatty acids
trans-fatty acids
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Nutrition & Dietetics
plasma phospholipid fatty acids
saturated fatty acids
trans-fatty acids
n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
change
correlates
repeated measurement
DIETARY ASSESSMENT METHODS
WEIGHED RECORDS
NATIONAL DIET
ROLLING PROGRAM
1ST YEAR
TERM
OMEGA-3-FATTY-ACIDS
VALIDATION
NITROGEN
RISK
Nutrition & Dietetics
11 Medical and Health Sciences
09 Engineering
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2019-04-17
Appears in Collections:Department of Metabolism, Digestion and Reproduction