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The causal effect of education on chronic health conditions in the UK

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Title: The causal effect of education on chronic health conditions in the UK
Authors: Propper, C
Shields, M
Janke, K
Johnston, D
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: We study the causal impact of education on chronic health conditions by exploitng two UK education policy reforms. The first reform raised the minimum school leaving age in 1972 and affected the lower end of the educational attainment distribution. The second reform is a combination of several policy changes that affected the broader educational attainment distribution in the early 1990s. Results are consistent across both reforms: an extra year of schooling has no statistically identifiable impact on the prevalence of most chronic health conditions. The exception is that both reforms led to a statistically significant reduction in the probability of having diabetes, and this result is robust across model specifications. However, even with the largest survey samples available in the UK, we are unable to statistically rule out moderate size educational effects for many of the other health conditions, although we generally find considerably smaller effects than OLS associations suggest.
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2020
Date of Acceptance: 22-Oct-2019
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/74584
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2019.102252
ISSN: 0167-6296
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal / Book Title: Journal of Health Economics
Volume: 70
Replaces: 10044/1/75728
http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/75728
Copyright Statement: © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. . This manuscript is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Sponsor/Funder: Commission of the European Communities
Funder's Grant Number: 788529
Keywords: Causality
Chronic illness
Education reform
Causality
Chronic Illness
Education reform
Health Policy & Services
1117 Public Health and Health Services
1402 Applied Economics
1403 Econometrics
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: ARTN 102252
Online Publication Date: 2019-12-23
Appears in Collections:Imperial College Business School



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