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Visibility and hotspots of outdoor tobacco advertisement around educational facilities without an advertising ban: Geospatial analysis in Surabaya City, Indonesia

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Title: Visibility and hotspots of outdoor tobacco advertisement around educational facilities without an advertising ban: Geospatial analysis in Surabaya City, Indonesia
Authors: Megatsari, H
Ridlo, IA
Amir, V
Kusuma, D
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Introduction: Despite having over 60 million smokers in 2018, Indonesia still lacks tobacco control measures, including an outdoor tobacco advertising ban. This study aimed to provide evidence on the visibility and hotspots of advertisements around educational facilities in a city without a ban. Methods: We collected data on the locations of outdoor tobacco advertisements and schools and universities in Surabaya city. We conducted buffer and hotspots analyses using ArcMap. Using Getis-Ord Gi* statistics, hotspot analysis identifies significant clusters with a high number of advertisements. Results: We found 307 large and medium-sized outdoor tobacco advertisements and 1287 educational facilities (1199 schools, 88 universities). Almost 80% of those advertisements (237 units) were just 300 m away (10-minute walk) from primary schools and high schools in the city. More than half of all schools (652) and two-thirds of all universities (59) were inside hotspots where there were statistically significant clusters with a high number of advertisements. These hotspots were more densely populated and more-deprived areas. Conclusions: There was high visibility of large and medium-sized outdoor tobacco advertisements around educational facilities in the city without the ban.
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2019
Date of Acceptance: 19-Sep-2019
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/74207
DOI: https://doi.org/10.18332/tpc/112462
ISSN: 2459-3087
Publisher: EU European Publishing
Journal / Book Title: Tobacco Prevention and Cessation
Volume: 5
Copyright Statement: © 2019 Megatsari H. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0).
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Substance Abuse
visibility
hotspots
outdoor tobacco advertisements
educational facility
Indonesia
ADOLESCENTS
DENSITY
IMPACT
SALES
SMOKE
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Substance Abuse
visibility
hotspots
outdoor tobacco advertisements
educational facility
Indonesia
ADOLESCENTS
DENSITY
IMPACT
SALES
SMOKE
Publication Status: Published
Open Access location: http://www.tobaccopreventioncessation.com/Visibility-and-hotspots-of-outdoor-tobacco-advertisement-naround-educational-facilities,112462,0,2.html
Article Number: 32
Online Publication Date: 2019-10-04
Appears in Collections:Imperial College Business School