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Mapping 123 million neonatal, infant and child deaths between 2000 and 2017

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Title: Mapping 123 million neonatal, infant and child deaths between 2000 and 2017
Authors: Burstein, R
Henry, NJ
Collison, ML
Marczak, LB
Sligar, A
Watson, S
Marquez, N
Abbasalizad-Farhangi, M
Abbasi, M
Abd-Allah, F
Abdoli, A
Abdollahi, M
Abdollahpour, I
Abdulkader, RS
Abrigo, MRM
Acharya, D
Adebayo, OM
Adekanmbi, V
Adham, D
Afshari, M
Aghaali, M
Ahmadi, K
Ahmadi, M
Ahmadpour, E
Ahmed, R
Akal, CG
Akinyemi, JO
Alahdab, F
Alam, N
Alamene, GM
Alene, KA
Alijanzadeh, M
Alinia, C
Alipour, V
Aljunid, SM
Almalki, MJ
Al-Mekhlafi, HM
Altirkawi, K
Alvis-Guzman, N
Amegah, AK
Amini, S
Amit, AML
Anbari, Z
Androudi, S
Anjomshoa, M
Ansari, F
Antonio, CAT
Arabloo, J
Arefi, Z
Aremu, O
Armoon, B
Arora, A
Artaman, A
Asadi, A
Asadi-Aliabadi, M
Ashraf-Ganjouei, A
Assadi, R
Ataeinia, B
Atre, SR
Quintanilla, BPA
Ayanore, MA
Azari, S
Babaee, E
Babazadeh, A
Badawi, A
Bagheri, S
Bagherzadeh, M
Baheiraei, N
Balouchi, A
Barac, A
Bassat, Q
Baune, BT
Bayati, M
Bedi, N
Beghi, E
Behzadifar, M
Behzadifar, M
Belay, YB
Bell, B
Bell, ML
Berbada, DA
Bernstein, RS
Bhattacharjee, NV
Bhattarai, S
Bhutta, ZA
Bijani, A
Bohlouli, S
Breitborde, NJK
Britton, G
Browne, AJ
Nagaraja, SB
Busse, R
Butt, ZA
Car, J
Cárdenas, R
Castañeda-Orjuela, CA
Cerin, E
Chanie, WF
Chatterjee, P
Chu, D-T
Cooper, C
Costa, VM
Dalal, K
Dandona, L
Dandona, R
Daoud, F
Daryani, A
Das Gupta, R
Davis, I
Davis Weaver, N
Davitoiu, DV
De Neve, J-W
Demeke, FM
Demoz, GT
Deribe, K
Desai, R
Deshpande, A
Desyibelew, HD
Dey, S
Dharmaratne, SD
Dhimal, M
Diaz, D
Doshmangir, L
Duraes, AR
Dwyer-Lindgren, L
Earl, L
Ebrahimi, R
Ebrahimpour, S
Effiong, A
Eftekhari, A
Ehsani-Chimeh, E
El Sayed, I
El Sayed Zaki, M
El Tantawi, M
El-Khatib, Z
Emamian, MH
Enany, S
Eskandarieh, S
Eyawo, O
Ezalarab, M
Faramarzi, M
Fareed, M
Faridnia, R
Faro, A
Fazaeli, AA
Fazlzadeh, M
Fentahun, N
Fereshtehnejad, S-M
Fernandes, JC
Filip, I
Fischer, F
Foigt, NA
Foroutan, M
Francis, JM
Fukumoto, T
Fullman, N
Gallus, S
Gebre, DG
Gebrehiwot, TT
Gebremeskel, GG
Gessner, BD
Geta, B
Gething, PW
Ghadimi, R
Ghadiri, K
Ghajarzadeh, M
Ghashghaee, A
Gill, PS
Gill, TK
Golding, N
Gomes, NGM
Gona, PN
Gopalani, SV
Gorini, G
Goulart, BNG
Graetz, N
Greaves, F
Green, MS
Guo, Y
Haj-Mirzaian, A
Haj-Mirzaian, A
Hall, BJ
Hamidi, S
Haririan, H
Haro, JM
Hasankhani, M
Hasanpoor, E
Hasanzadeh, A
Hassankhani, H
Hassen, HY
Hegazy, MI
Hendrie, D
Heydarpour, F
Hird, TR
Hoang, CL
Hollerich, G
Rad, EH
Hoseini-Ghahfarokhi, M
Hossain, N
Hosseini, M
Hosseinzadeh, M
Hostiuc, M
Hostiuc, S
Househ, M
Hsairi, M
Ilesanmi, OS
Imani-Nasab, MH
Iqbal, U
Irvani, SSN
Islam, N
Islam, SMS
Jürisson, M
Balalami, NJ
Jalali, A
Javidnia, J
Jayatilleke, AU
Jenabi, E
Ji, JS
Jobanputra, YB
Johnson, K
Jonas, JB
Shushtari, ZJ
Jozwiak, JJ
Kabir, A
Kahsay, A
Kalani, H
Kalhor, R
Karami, M
Karki, S
Kasaeian, A
Kassebaum, NJ
Keiyoro, PN
Kemp, GR
Khabiri, R
Khader, YS
Khafaie, MA
Khan, EA
Khan, J
Khan, MS
Khang, Y-H
Khatab, K
Khater, A
Khater, MM
Khatony, A
Khazaei, M
Khazaei, S
Khazaei-Pool, M
Khubchandani, J
Kianipour, N
Kim, YJ
Kimokoti, RW
Kinyoki, DK
Kisa, A
Kisa, S
Kolola, T
Kosen, S
Koul, PA
Koyanagi, A
Kraemer, MUG
Krishan, K
Krohn, KJ
Kugbey, N
Kumar, GA
Kumar, M
Kumar, P
Kuupiel, D
Lacey, B
Lad, SD
Lami, FH
Larsson, AO
Lee, PH
Leili, M
Levine, AJ
Li, S
Lim, L-L
Listl, S
Longbottom, J
Lopez, JCF
Lorkowski, S
Magdeldin, S
Abd El Razek, HM
Abd El Razek, MM
Majeed, A
Maleki, A
Malekzadeh, R
Malta, DC
Mamun, AA
Manafi, N
Manda, A-L
Mansourian, M
Martins-Melo, FR
Masaka, A
Massenburg, BB
Maulik, PK
Mayala, BK
Mazidi, M
McKee, M
Mehrotra, R
Mehta, KM
Meles, GG
Mendoza, W
Menezes, RG
Meretoja, A
Meretoja, TJ
Mestrovic, T
Miller, TR
Miller-Petrie, MK
Mills, EJ
Milne, GJ
Mini, GK
Mir, SM
Mirjalali, H
Mirrakhimov, EM
Mohamadi, E
Mohammad, DK
Darwesh, AM
Mezerji, NMG
Mohammed, AS
Mohammed, S
Mokdad, AH
Molokhia, M
Monasta, L
Moodley, Y
Moosazadeh, M
Moradi, G
Moradi, M
Moradi, Y
Moradi-Lakeh, M
Moradinazar, M
Moraga, P
Morawska, L
Mosapour, A
Mousavi, SM
Mueller, UO
Muluneh, AG
Mustafa, G
Nabavizadeh, B
Naderi, M
Nagarajan, AJ
Nahvijou, A
Najafi, F
Nangia, V
Ndwandwe, DE
Neamati, N
Negoi, I
Negoi, RI
Ngunjiri, JW
Thi Nguyen, HL
Nguyen, LH
Nguyen, SH
Nielsen, KR
Ningrum, DNA
Nirayo, YL
Nixon, MR
Nnaji, CA
Nojomi, M
Noroozi, M
Nosratnejad, S
Noubiap, JJ
Motlagh, SN
Ofori-Asenso, R
Ogbo, FA
Oladimeji, KE
Olagunju, AT
Olfatifar, M
Olum, S
Olusanya, BO
Oluwasanu, MM
Onwujekwe, OE
Oren, E
Ortega-Altamirano, DDV
Ortiz, A
Osarenotor, O
Osei, FB
Osgood-Zimmerman, AE
Otstavnov, SS
Owolabi, MO
P A, M
Pagheh, AS
Pakhale, S
Panda-Jonas, S
Pandey, A
Park, E-K
Parsian, H
Pashaei, T
Patel, SK
Pepito, VCF
Pereira, A
Perkins, S
Pickering, BV
Pilgrim, T
Pirestani, M
Piroozi, B
Pirsaheb, M
Plana-Ripoll, O
Pourjafar, H
Puri, P
Qorbani, M
Quintana, H
Rabiee, M
Rabiee, N
Radfar, A
Rafiei, A
Rahim, F
Rahimi, Z
Rahimi-Movaghar, V
Rahimzadeh, S
Rajati, F
Raju, SB
Ramezankhani, A
Ranabhat, CL
Rasella, D
Rashedi, V
Rawal, L
Reiner, RC
Renzaho, AMN
Rezaei, S
Rezapour, A
Riahi, SM
Ribeiro, AI
Roever, L
Roro, EM
Roser, M
Roshandel, G
Roshani, D
Rostami, A
Rubagotti, E
Rubino, S
Sabour, S
Sadat, N
Sadeghi, E
Saeedi, R
Safari, Y
Safari-Faramani, R
Safdarian, M
Sahebkar, A
Salahshoor, MR
Salam, N
Salamati, P
Salehi, F
Zahabi, SS
Salimi, Y
Salimzadeh, H
Salomon, JA
Sambala, EZ
Samy, AM
Santric Milicevic, MM
Jose, BPS
Saraswathy, SYI
Sarmiento-Suárez, R
Sartorius, B
Sathian, B
Saxena, S
Sbarra, AN
Schaeffer, LE
Schwebel, DC
Sepanlou, SG
Seyedmousavi, S
Shaahmadi, F
Shaikh, MA
Shams-Beyranvand, M
Shamshirian, A
Shamsizadeh, M
Sharafi, K
Sharif, M
Sharif-Alhoseini, M
Sharifi, H
Sharma, J
Sharma, R
Sheikh, A
Shields, C
Shigematsu, M
Shiri, R
Shiue, I
Shuval, K
Siddiqi, TJ
Silva, JP
Singh, JA
Sinha, DN
Sisay, MM
Sisay, S
Sliwa, K
Smith, DL
Somayaji, R
Soofi, M
Soriano, JB
Sreeramareddy, CT
Sudaryanto, A
Sufiyan, MB
Sykes, BL
Sylaja, PN
Tabarés-Seisdedos, R
Tabb, KM
Tabuchi, T
Taveira, N
Temsah, M-H
Terkawi, AS
Tessema, ZT
Thankappan, KR
Thirunavukkarasu, S
To, QG
Tovani-Palone, MR
Tran, BX
Tran, KB
Ullah, I
Usman, MS
Uthman, OA
Vahedian-Azimi, A
Valdez, PR
Van Boven, JFM
Vasankari, TJ
Vasseghian, Y
Veisani, Y
Venketasubramanian, N
Violante, FS
Vladimirov, SK
Vlassov, V
Vos, T
Vu, GT
Vujcic, IS
Waheed, Y
Wakefield, J
Wang, H
Wang, Y
Wang, Y-P
Ward, JL
Weintraub, RG
Weldegwergs, KG
Weldesamuel, GT
Westerman, R
Wiysonge, CS
Wondafrash, DZ
Woyczynski, L
Wu, A-M
Xu, G
Yadegar, A
Yamada, T
Yazdi-Feyzabadi, V
Yilgwan, CS
Yip, P
Yonemoto, N
Lebni, JY
Younis, MZ
Yousefifard, M
Yousof, H-ASA
Yu, C
Yusefzadeh, H
Zabeh, E
Moghadam, TZ
Bin Zaman, S
Zamani, M
Zandian, H
Zangeneh, A
Zerfu, TA
Zhang, Y
Ziapour, A
Zodpey, S
Murray, CJL
Hay, SI
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Since 2000, many countries have achieved considerable success in improving child survival, but localized progress remains unclear. To inform efforts towards United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 3.2-to end preventable child deaths by 2030-we need consistently estimated data at the subnational level regarding child mortality rates and trends. Here we quantified, for the period 2000-2017, the subnational variation in mortality rates and number of deaths of neonates, infants and children under 5 years of age within 99 low- and middle-income countries using a geostatistical survival model. We estimated that 32% of children under 5 in these countries lived in districts that had attained rates of 25 or fewer child deaths per 1,000 live births by 2017, and that 58% of child deaths between 2000 and 2017 in these countries could have been averted in the absence of geographical inequality. This study enables the identification of high-mortality clusters, patterns of progress and geographical inequalities to inform appropriate investments and implementations that will help to improve the health of all populations.
Issue Date: 16-Oct-2019
Date of Acceptance: 6-Aug-2019
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/74087
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1545-0
ISSN: 0028-0836
Publisher: Nature Research
Start Page: 353
End Page: 358
Journal / Book Title: Nature
Volume: 574
Issue: 7778
Copyright Statement: © The Author(s) 2019. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: General Science & Technology
Publication Status: Published
Conference Place: England
Open Access location: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-1545-0
Appears in Collections:School of Public Health