Variations in hospital resource use across stroke care teams in England, Wales and Northern Ireland: a retrospective observational study

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Title: Variations in hospital resource use across stroke care teams in England, Wales and Northern Ireland: a retrospective observational study
Authors: Lugo-Palacios, DG
Gannon, B
Gittins, M
Vail, A
Bowen, A
Tyson, S
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Objective To identify the main drivers of inpatient stroke care resource use, estimate the influence of stroke teams on the length of stay (LoS) of its patients and analyse the variation in relative performance across teams. Design For each of four types of stroke care teams, a two-level count data model describing the variation in LoS and identifying the team influence on LoS purged of patient and treatment characteristics was estimated. Each team effect was interpreted as a measure of stroke care relative performance and its variation was analysed. Setting This study used data from 145 396 admissions in 256 inpatient stroke care teams between June 2013 and July 2015 included in the national stroke register of England, Wales and Northern Ireland—Sentinel Stroke National Audit Programme. Results The main driver of LoS, and thus resource use, was the need for stroke therapy even after stroke severity was taken into account. Conditional on needing the therapy in question, an increase in the average amount of therapy received per inpatient day was associated with shorter LoS. Important variations in stroke care performance were found within each team category. Conclusions Resource use was strongly associated with stroke severity, the need for therapy and the amount of therapy received. The variations in stroke care performance were not explained by measurable patient or team characteristics. Further operational and financial analyses are needed to unmask the causes of this unexplained variation.
Issue Date: 30-Sep-2019
Date of Acceptance: 30-May-2019
ISSN: 2044-6055
Publisher: BMJ
Start Page: 1
End Page: 11
Journal / Book Title: BMJ Open
Volume: 9
Issue: 9
Copyright Statement: © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to copy, redistribute, remix, transform and build upon this work for any purpose, provided the original work is properly cited, a link to the licence is given, and indication of whether changes were made. See:
Keywords: 1103 Clinical Sciences
1117 Public Health and Health Services
1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences
Publication Status: Published online
Open Access location:
Online Publication Date: 2019-09-20
Appears in Collections:Division of Surgery

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