Elicitability and identifiability of systemic risk measures and other set-valued functionals

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Title: Elicitability and identifiability of systemic risk measures and other set-valued functionals
Authors: Fissler, T
Hlavinová, J
Rudloff, B
Item Type: Working Paper
Abstract: This paper is concerned with a two-fold objective. Firstly, we establish elicitability and identifiability results for systemic risk measures introduced in Feinstein, Rudloff and Weber (2017). Specifying the entire set of capital allocations adequate to render a financial system acceptable, these systemic risk measures are examples of set-valued functionals. A functional is elicitable (identifiable) if it is the unique minimiser (zero) of an expected scoring function (identification function). Elicitability and identifiability are essential for forecast ranking and validation, M- and Z-estimation, both possibly in a regression framework. To account for the set-valued nature of the systemic risk measures mentioned above, we secondly introduce a theoretical framework of elicitability and identifiability of set-valued functionals. It distinguishes between exhaustive forecasts, being set-valued and aiming at correctly specifying the entire functional, and selective forecasts, content with solely specifying a single point in the correct functional. Uncovering the structural relation between the two corresponding notions of elicitability and identifiability, we establish that a set-valued functional can be either selectively elicitable or exhaustively elicitable. Notably, selections of quantiles such as the lower quantile turn out not to be elicitable in general. Applying these structural results to systemic risk measures, we construct oriented selective identification functions, which induce a family of strictly consistent exhaustive elementary scoring functions. We discuss equivariance properties of these scores. We demonstrate their applicability in a simulation study considering comparative backtests of Diebold-Mariano type with a pointwise traffic-light illustration of Murphy diagrams.
Issue Date: 2-Jul-2019
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/72567
Publisher: arXiv
Copyright Statement: © 2019 The Authors.
Keywords: Consistency
Convex level sets
Diebold-Mariano tests
Identification functions
Forecast evaluation
Murphy diagrams
Scoring functions
62F07, 62F10, 91G70
Notes: 64 pages, 5 figures
Publication Status: Published
Open Access location: https://arxiv.org/pdf/1907.01306.pdf
Appears in Collections:Mathematics
Faculty of Natural Sciences

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