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Collaborative patterns, authorship practices and scientific success in biomedical research: a network analysis.

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Title: Collaborative patterns, authorship practices and scientific success in biomedical research: a network analysis.
Authors: Patel, VM
Panzarasa, P
Ashrafian, H
Evans, TS
Kirresh, A
Sevdalis, N
Darzi, A
Athanasiou, T
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between biomedical researchers' collaborative and authorship practices and scientific success. DESIGN: Longitudinal quantitative analysis of individual researchers' careers over a nine-year period. SETTING: A leading biomedical research institution in the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred and twenty-five biomedical researchers who were in employment on 31 December 2009. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We constructed the co-authorship network in which nodes are the researchers, and links are established between any two researchers if they co-authored one or more articles. For each researcher, we recorded the position held in the co-authorship network and in the bylines of all articles published in each three-year interval and calculated the number of citations these articles accrued until January 2013. We estimated maximum likelihood negative binomial panel regression models. RESULTS: Our analysis suggests that collaboration sustained success, yet excessive co-authorship did not. Last positions in non-alphabetised bylines were beneficial for higher academic ranks but not for junior ones. A professor could witness a 20.57% increase in the expected citation count if last-listed non-alphabetically in one additional publication; yet, a lecturer suffered from a 13.04% reduction. First positions in alphabetised bylines were positively associated with performance for junior academics only. A lecturer could experience a 8.78% increase in the expected citation count if first-listed alphabetically in one additional publication. While junior researchers amplified success when brokering among otherwise disconnected collaborators, senior researchers prospered from socially cohesive networks, rich in third-party relationships. CONCLUSIONS: These results help biomedical scientists shape successful careers and research institutions develop effective assessment and recruitment policies that will ultimately sustain the quality of biomedical research and patient care.
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2019
Date of Acceptance: 30-Apr-2019
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/71719
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0141076819851666
ISSN: 1758-1095
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Start Page: 245
End Page: 257
Journal / Book Title: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
Volume: 112
Issue: 6
Copyright Statement: © The Royal Society of Medicine 2019. The final, definitive version of this paper has been published in Patel, V. M., Panzarasa, P., Ashrafian, H., Evans, T. S., Kirresh, A., Sevdalis, N., … Athanasiou, T. (2019). Collaborative patterns, authorship practices and scientific success in biomedical research: a network analysis. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 112(6), 245–257. https://doi.org/10.1177/0141076819851666 by Sage Publications Ltd. All rights reserved. It is available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/0141076819851666
Sponsor/Funder: National Institute of Health Research
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
Medical careers
medical education
medical management
H INDEX
PERFORMANCE
CREDIT
IMPACT
CENTRALITY
JOURNALS
Medical careers
medical education
medical management
Medical careers
medical education
medical management
1117 Public Health and Health Services
General & Internal Medicine
Publication Status: Published
Conference Place: England
Online Publication Date: 2019-06-04
Appears in Collections:Department of Surgery and Cancer
Institute of Global Health Innovation