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Disturbed flow in a stenosed carotid artery bifurcation: Comparison of RANS-based transitional model and LES with experimental measurements

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Title: Disturbed flow in a stenosed carotid artery bifurcation: Comparison of RANS-based transitional model and LES with experimental measurements
Authors: Johari, NH
Wood, NB
Cheng, Z
Torii, R
Oishi, M
Oshima, M
Xu, XY
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Blood flow in the carotid arteries is usually laminar, but can undergo laminar-turbulent transition in the presence of a high-grade stenosis. In this study, pulsatile flow in a patient-based stenosed carotid artery bifurcation was examined using both large eddy simulation (LES) with dynamic Smagorinsky eddy viscosity model, and a Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) method with a transitional version of the shear stress transport (SST-Tran) model. In addition, an experimental phantom was built for the same bifurcation geometry and velocity measurements were made using particle image velocimetry (PIV). Comparisons with PIV measurements of axial velocity profiles demonstrated that both SST-Tran and LES predicted the experimental results fairly well, with LES being slightly superior. Furthermore, LES predicted cycle-to-cycle variations in the region where transition to turbulence occurred, indicating the unsteady nature of turbulence transition. On the other hand, the SST-Tran model was able to capture important flow features observed in the PIV experiment, demonstrating its potential as a cost-effective alternative to LES for haemodynamic analyses of highly disturbed flow in diseased arteries.
Issue Date: 1-May-2019
Date of Acceptance: 27-Mar-2019
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/71195
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1142/S1758825119500327
ISSN: 1758-8251
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing
Journal / Book Title: International Journal of Applied Mechanics
Volume: 11
Issue: 4
Copyright Statement: © 2019 World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd.
Sponsor/Funder: The Royal Society
Funder's Grant Number: 2007/R3-IJP
Keywords: Science & Technology
Technology
Mechanics
Large eddy simulation
transitional flow
particle image velocimetry
carotid artery bifurcation
stenosis
DIRECT NUMERICAL-SIMULATION
PULSATILE FLOW
MRI
Science & Technology
Technology
Mechanics
Large eddy simulation
transitional flow
particle image velocimetry
carotid artery bifurcation
stenosis
DIRECT NUMERICAL-SIMULATION
PULSATILE FLOW
MRI
0905 Civil Engineering
0913 Mechanical Engineering
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: 1950032
Online Publication Date: 2019-05-31
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering