The western Pacific subtropical high and tropical cyclone landfall: Seasonal forecasts using the Met Office GloSea5 system

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Title: The western Pacific subtropical high and tropical cyclone landfall: Seasonal forecasts using the Met Office GloSea5 system
Authors: Camp, J
Roberts, MJ
Comer, RE
Wu, P
MacLachlan, C
Bett, PE
Golding, N
Toumi, R
Chan, JCL
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: We investigate the relationship between the western Pacific subtropical high (WPSH) and tropical cyclone (TC) landfall in the ERA‐Interim reanalysis and two configurations of the UK Met Office Global Seasonal forecasting system version 5 (GloSea5): Global Atmosphere 3.0 (GA3) and Global Coupled configuration 2 (GC2). Both model configurations have the same horizontal and vertical resolution in the ocean and the atmosphere, but differ in terms of model physics. The WPSH strongly modulates TC activity over the subtropical western North Pacific (WNP) and TC landfall over East Asia (Japan, Korea and East China). Here we show that both model configurations GA3 and GC2 show significant skill for predictions of the WPSH and TC variability over the subtropical WNP, as well as TC frequency along the coast of East Asia, during the boreal summer (June–August). An extension of the analysis to include the full WNP typhoon season (June–November) is also examined; however, only a weak significant relationship between the WPSH index and the observed TC frequency over East Asia is found during this period, and no significant relationship is present in either GloSea5 GA3 or GC2. Results highlight the potential for operational seasonal forecasts of TC landfall risk for Japan, Korea and East China over the June–August period using predictions of the WPSH indices from GloSea5.
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2019
Date of Acceptance: 8-Sep-2018
ISSN: 0035-9009
Publisher: Wiley
Start Page: 105
End Page: 116
Journal / Book Title: Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society
Volume: 145
Issue: 718
Copyright Statement: © 2018 Crown copyright. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society © 2018 Royal Meteorological Society
Sponsor/Funder: Met Office
Funder's Grant Number: P100212
Keywords: Science & Technology
Physical Sciences
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
East Asia
seasonal forecasting
tropical cyclones
western Pacific
0401 Atmospheric Sciences
0405 Oceanography
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2018-09-28
Appears in Collections:Space and Atmospheric Physics

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