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Light coupling in polymer nanofibers: from single-photon emission to random lasing

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Title: Light coupling in polymer nanofibers: from single-photon emission to random lasing
Authors: Camposeo, A
Gaio, M
Moffa, M
Montinaro, M
Castro-Lopez, M
Fasano, V
Sapienza, R
Pisignano, D
Item Type: Conference Paper
Abstract: The understanding of the phenomena underlying the interaction of photons with dielectric, metallic and hybrid microand nano-structures and the development of advanced fabrication tools have paved the way to the realization of complex, nanostructured photonic structures, with tailored and exotic absorption and emission properties. Among such nanostructured materials, polymer nanofibers have intriguing and specific properties: they can embed molecular and quantum dot light sources, they can transport light among distant emitters and they can be arranged in 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional architectures in a controlled fashion, forming complex networks of interacting light emitters. However, coupling of light with polymer nanofibers depends on many variables, being often limited by the arrangement and positioning of the nanoscale light-sources, and by the fiber geometry. Here we report on the fabrication of active polymer nanofibers with improved surface properties and controlled geometry by electrospinning. Polarization and momentum spectroscopy of light emitted by molecular compounds and single quantum dots embedded in electrospun polymer fibers, evidence that efficient, nanostructured photon sources with targeted polarization and coupling efficiency can be realized in nanofiber-based photonic environments.
Editors: Tabor, CE
Kajzar, F
Kaino, T
Kaino, Y
Issue Date: 16-Feb-2017
Date of Acceptance: 28-Jan-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/68756
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2263662
ISBN: 9781510606449
ISSN: 0277-786X
Publisher: Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
Journal / Book Title: Proceedings of SPIE
Volume: 10101
Issue: 101010E
Copyright Statement: © 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
The Leverhulme Trust
Funder's Grant Number: EP/M017961/2
RPG-2014-238
Conference Name: Conference on Organic Photonic Materials and Devices XIX
Keywords: Science & Technology
Physical Sciences
Optics
Physics, Applied
Physics
electrospinning
nanofibers
single-photon sources
waveguides
lasers
ELECTROSPUN FIBERS
LASERS
Publication Status: Published
Start Date: 2017-01-28
Finish Date: 2017-02-02
Conference Place: San Francisco, CA, USA
Open Access location: https://www.spiedigitallibrary.org/conference-proceedings-of-spie/10101/101010E/Light-coupling-in-polymer-nanofibers--from-single-photon-emission/10.1117/12.2263662.full?SSO=1
Online Publication Date: 2017-02-16
Appears in Collections:Physics
Experimental Solid State
Faculty of Natural Sciences