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On demand: Can demand response live up to expectations in managing electricity systems?

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Title: On demand: Can demand response live up to expectations in managing electricity systems?
Authors: Parrish, B
Gross, R
Heptonstall, P
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Residential demand response (meaning changes to electricity use at specific times) has been proposed as an important part of the low carbon energy system transition. Modelling studies suggest benefits may include deferral of distribution network reinforcement, reduced curtailment of wind generation, and avoided investment in reserve generation. To accurately assess the contribution of demand response such studies must be supported by realistic assumptions on consumer participation. A systematic review of international evidence on trials, surveys and programmes of residential demand response suggests that it is important that these assumptions about demand response are not overly optimistic. Customer participation in trials and existing programmes is often 10% or less of the target population, while responses of consumers in existing schemes have varied considerably for a complex set of reasons. Relatively little evidence was identified for engagement with more dynamic forms of demand response, making its wider applicability uncertain. The evidence suggests that the high levels of demand response modelled in some future energy system scenarios may be more than a little optimistic. There is good evidence on the potential of some of the least ‘smart’ options, such as static peak pricing and load control, which are well established and proven. More research and greater empirical evidence is needed to establish the potential role of more innovative and dynamic forms of demand response.
Issue Date: 1-May-2019
Date of Acceptance: 28-Nov-2018
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/66703
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2018.11.018
ISSN: 2214-6296
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 107
End Page: 118
Journal / Book Title: Energy Research and Social Science
Volume: 51
Copyright Statement: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC)
Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Funder's Grant Number: EP/I031707/1
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2019-01-17
Appears in Collections:Centre for Environmental Policy
Faculty of Natural Sciences