Laser-welded stainless steel I-section beam-columns: Testing, simulation and design

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Title: Laser-welded stainless steel I-section beam-columns: Testing, simulation and design
Authors: Bu, Y
Gardner, L
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: The stability and design of laser-welded stainless steel I-section beam-columns are explored in this study. Owing to the high precision and low heat input of laser-welding, structural cross-sections produced using this fabrication method have smaller heat affected zones, lower thermal distortions and lower residual stresses than would typically arise from traditional welding processes. Eighteen laser-welded stainless steel beam-columns were tested to investigate the member buckling behaviour under combined compression and bending. Two I-section sizes were considered in the tests: I-50 × 50 × 4 × 4 in grade EN 1.4301 and I-102 × 68 × 5 × 5 in grade EN 1.4571 austenitic stainless steel. The two cases of minor axis bending plus compression and major axis bending plus compression with lateral restraints were investigated. The initial loading eccentricities in the beam-column tests were varied to provide a wide range of bending moment-to-axial load ratios. The test results obtained herein and from a previous experimental study were used to validate finite element (FE) models, which were subsequently employed for parametric investigations to generate further structural performance data over a wider range of cross-section sizes, member lengths and loading combinations. The obtained test and FE results were utilized to evaluate the accuracy of the beam-column capacity predictions according to the current European and North American design provisions and a recent proposal by Greiner and Kettler. Finally, an improved approach for the design of stainless steel I-section beam-columns is proposed.
Issue Date: 15-Jan-2019
Date of Acceptance: 25-Sep-2018
ISSN: 0141-0296
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 23
End Page: 36
Journal / Book Title: Engineering Structures
Volume: 179
Copyright Statement: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence
Keywords: 0905 Civil Engineering
Civil Engineering
Publication Status: Published
Embargo Date: 2019-10-31
Online Publication Date: 2018-10-31
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Civil and Environmental Engineering

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