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Computer-aided working-fluid design, thermodynamic optimisation and technoeconomic assessment of ORC systems for waste-heat recovery

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Title: Computer-aided working-fluid design, thermodynamic optimisation and technoeconomic assessment of ORC systems for waste-heat recovery
Authors: White, M
Oyewunmi, OA
Chatzopoulou, M
Pantaleo, AM
Haslam, A
Markides, C
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: The wider adoption of organic Rankine cycle (ORC) technology for power generation or cogeneration from renewable or recovered waste-heat in many applications can be facilitated by improved thermodynamic performance, but also reduced investment costs. In this context, it is suggested that the further development of ORC power systems should be guided by combined thermoeconomic assessments that can capture directly the trade-offs between performace and cost with the aim of proposing solutions with high resource-use efficiency and, importantly, improved economic viability. This paper couples, for the first time, the computer-aided molecular design (CAMD) of the ORC working-fluid based on the statistical associating fluid theory (SAFT)-γ Mie equation of state with thermodynamic modelling and optimisation, in addition to heat-exchanger sizing models, component cost correlations and thermoeconomic assessments. The resulting CAMD-ORC framework presents a novel and powerful approach with extended capabilities that allows the thermodynamic optimisation of the ORC system and working fluid to be performed in a single step, thus removing subjective and pre-emptive screening criteria that exist in conventional approaches, while also extending to include cost considerations relating to the resulting optimal systems. Following validation, the proposed framework is used to identify optimal cycles and working fluids over a wide range of conditions characterised by three different heat-source cases with temperatures of 150 °C, 250 °C and 350 °C, corresponding to small- to medium-scale applications. In each case, the optimal combination of ORC system design and working fluid is identified, and the corresponding capital costs are evaluated. It is found that fluids with low specific-investment costs (SIC) are different to those that maximise the power output. The fluids with the lowest SIC are isoheptane, 2-pentene and 2-heptene, with SICs of £5620, £2760 and £2070 per kW respectively, and corresponding power outputs of 32.9 kW, 136.6 kW and 213.9 kW.
Issue Date: 15-Oct-2018
Date of Acceptance: 15-Jul-2018
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/62279
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.07.098
ISSN: 0360-5442
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 1181
End Page: 1198
Journal / Book Title: Energy
Volume: 161
Copyright Statement: © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Climate-KIC EIT PhD added value Programme
President's PhD Scholarships
UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Funder's Grant Number: EP/P004709/1
Climate-KIC EIT PhD added value Programme
Award number: 1855813
Keywords: 0913 Mechanical Engineering
0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2018-07-19
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering
Faculty of Engineering