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Who in Europe works beyond the state pension age and under which conditions? Results from SHARE

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Title: Who in Europe works beyond the state pension age and under which conditions? Results from SHARE
Authors: Wahrendorf, M
Akinwale, B
Landy, R
Matthews, K
Blane, D
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: There is much research about those who exit the labour market prematurely, however, comparatively little is known about people working longer and about their employment and working conditions. In this paper, we describe the employment and working conditions of men and women working between 65 and 80 years, and compare them with previous conditions of those retired in the same age group. Analyses are based on wave 4 data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) with information collected between 2009 and 2011 from 17,625 older men and women across 16 European countries. Besides socio-demographic and health-related factors (physical and mental health), the focus lies on employment conditions (e.g. employment status, occupational position and working hours) and on stressful working conditions, measured in terms of low control at work and effort-reward imbalance. In case of retired people, information on working conditions refer to the last job before retirement. Following descriptive analyses, we then conduct multivariable analyses and investigate how working conditions and poor health are related to labour market participation (i.e. random intercept models accounting for country affiliation and adjusted for potential confounders). Results illustrate that people working between the ages of 65 and 80 are more likely to be self-employed (either with or without employees) and work in advantaged occupational positions. Furthermore, findings reveal that psychosocial working conditions are generally better than the conditions retired respondents had in their last job. Finally, in contrast to those who work, health tends to be worse among retired people. In conclusion, findings deliver empirical evidence that paid employment beyond age 65 is more common among self-employed workers throughout Europe, in advantaged occupations and under-favourable psychosocial circumstances, and that this group of workers are in considerably good mental and physical health. This highlights that policies aimed at increasing the state pension age beyond the age of 65 years put pressure on specific disadvantaged groups of men and women.
Issue Date: 23-Sep-2016
Date of Acceptance: 5-Sep-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/57795
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12062-016-9160-4
ISSN: 1874-7876
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Start Page: 269
End Page: 285
Journal / Book Title: Journal of Population Ageing
Volume: 10
Issue: 3
Copyright Statement: © The Author(s) 2016. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Geriatrics & Gerontology
Extended working life
Working conditions
1603 Demography
Publication Status: Published
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