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The Added Benefit of Bicycle Commuting on the Regular Amount of Physical Activity Performed

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Title: The Added Benefit of Bicycle Commuting on the Regular Amount of Physical Activity Performed
Authors: Donaire-Gonzalez, D
De Nazelle, A
Cole-Hunter, T
Curto, A
Rodriguez, DA
Mendez, MA
Garcia-Aymerich, J
Basagana, X
Ambros, A
Jerrett, M
Nieuwenhuijsen, MJ
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Introduction Physical inactivity is a leading cause of death and disability globally. Active transportation such as bicycling may increase physical activity levels. It is currently uncertain whether a shift from motorized transport modes to bicycle commuting leads to increased physical activity overall or substitutes other forms of physical activity. The study aims to disentangle whether bicycle commuting adds to or replaces other physical activities by comparing the physical activity performed by bicycle and motorized commuters. Methods Physical activity, travel behavior, health status, sociodemographic, and built environment characteristics were assessed for 752 adults, between June 2011 and May 2012, in Barcelona, Spain. Statistical analyses, performed in 2013–2014, included linear, non-linear, and mixture models to estimate disparities and the dose–response relationship between physical activity duration and commute mode. Results Regular bicycle commuters traveled by bicycle an average of 3.1 (SD=2.5) hours in the previous week. Bicycle commuting contributed positively to physical activity duration across participants (p<0.05). It amounted to 2.1 (95% CI=0.84, 3.55) hours/week extra of physical activity for bicycle commuters versus motorized commuters. Among bicycle travelers, there was a positive dose–response relationship between bicycle commuting and physical activity duration, with an average extra physical activity duration of 0.5 (95% CI=0.4, 0.6) hours/week for every additional 1 hour/week of bicycle commuting. Conclusions Bicycle commuting likely adds to overall physical activity. The extra physical activity performed by bicycle commuters is undertaken as moderate physical activity and follows a sigmoidal dose–response relationship with bicycle duration.
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2015
Date of Acceptance: 27-Jul-2015
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/56517
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2015.03.036
ISSN: 0749-3797
Publisher: Elsevier Masson
Start Page: 842
End Page: 849
Journal / Book Title: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume: 49
Issue: 6
Copyright Statement: © 2015, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
Middle Aged
Surveys and Questionnaires
11 Medical And Health Sciences
13 Education
Public Health
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Centre for Environmental Policy
Grantham Institute for Climate Change
Faculty of Natural Sciences