Finite element modelling of composite cold-formed steel flooring systems

Title: Finite element modelling of composite cold-formed steel flooring systems
Authors: Kyvelou, P
Gardner, L
Nethercot, DA
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: The findings from a numerical investigation into the degree of composite action that may be mobilised within floor systems comprising cold-formed steel joists and wood-based particle boards are presented herein. Finite element models have been developed, simulating all the components of the examined systems, as well as the interaction between them. The models include initial geometric imperfections, the load-slip response of the fasteners employed to achieve the shear connection as well as both geometric and material nonlinearities. The developed models were first validated against 12 physical tests reported in the literature, which showed them to be capable of accurately capturing the load-deformation curves and failure modes exhibited by the tested specimens. Parametric studies were then performed to examine the influence of key parameters on the structural behaviour of these systems, including the depth and thickness of the cold-formed steel section, as well as the spacing of the employed fasteners; in total, about 100 systems have been examined. Significant benefits in terms of structural response have been identified from the presented numerical study as a result of the mobilisation of composite action; for the systems investigated, which were of typical, practical proportions, up to 140% increases in moment capacity and 40% increases in stiffness were found. The presented research reveals the substantial gains in structural performance and the influence of the key governing parameters for this novel form of composite construction.
Issue Date: 21-Dec-2017
Date of Acceptance: 12-Dec-2017
ISSN: 0141-0296
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 28
End Page: 42
Journal / Book Title: Engineering Structures
Volume: 158
Copyright Statement: © 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Keywords: 0905 Civil Engineering
Civil Engineering
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Civil and Environmental Engineering

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