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Geographic variation and socio-demographic determinants of the co-occurrence of risky health behaviours in 27 European Union member states.

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Title: Geographic variation and socio-demographic determinants of the co-occurrence of risky health behaviours in 27 European Union member states.
Authors: Filippidis, FT
Agaku, IT
Vardavas, CI
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Risky health behaviours such as tobacco and alcohol abuse, physical inactivity and poor diet may play an important role in disease development. The aim of the present study was to assess the geographical distribution and socio-demographic determinants of risky health-related behaviours in 27 member states (MSs) of the European Union (EU). METHODS: Data from the 2009 Eurobarometer survey (wave 72.3; n = 26 788) were analysed. Tobacco use, alcohol consumption, physical activity and fruit consumption were assessed through a self-reported questionnaire provided to participants from 27 EU MSs. Within the analyses, participants with three or more lifestyle risk factors were classified as individuals with co-occurrence of risk factors. RESULTS: Among respondents aged 15 or older, 28.2% had none of the aforementioned behavioural risk factors, whereas 9.9% had three or more lifestyle risk factors. Males [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 2.50; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 2.17-2.88] and respondents of middle (aOR = 1.60; 95% CI: 1.36-1.89) or lower income (aOR = 2.63; 95% CI: 2.12-3.26) were more likely to report co-occurrence of behavioural risk factors, as well as respondents in Northern (aOR = 1.43; 95% CI: 1.14-1.78), Western (aOR = 1.28; 95% CI: 1.06-1.56) and Eastern Europe (aOR = 1.28; 95% CI: 1.06-1.55), when compared with Southern European respondents. CONCLUSIONS: The above analyses indicate significant geographical and social variation in the distribution of the co-occurrence of behavioural risk factors for disease development.
Issue Date: 11-May-2015
Date of Acceptance: 1-May-2015
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/55841
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdv061
ISSN: 1741-3850
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Start Page: e13
End Page: e20
Journal / Book Title: Journal of Public Health
Volume: 38
Issue: 2
Copyright Statement: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Public Health following peer review. The version of record F.T. Filippidis, I.T. Agaku, C.I. Vardavas; Geographic variation and socio-demographic determinants of the co-occurrence of risky health behaviours in 27 European Union member states, Journal of Public Health, Volume 38, Issue 2, 1 June 2016, Pages e13–e20 is available online at: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdv061
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
European Union
risky health behaviours
socio-demographic determinants
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES
CANCER-RISK
COUNTRIES
METAANALYSIS
MORTALITY
PATTERNS
DISEASE
ADULTS
IDENTIFICATION
Adolescent
Adult
Alcohol Drinking
Diet
Europe
Exercise
Female
Fruit
Geography, Medical
Health Risk Behaviors
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Social Determinants of Health
Socioeconomic Factors
Surveys and Questionnaires
Tobacco Use
Young Adult
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Public Health
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:School of Public Health