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Unusual scaling laws for plasmonic nanolasers beyond the diffraction limit.

Title: Unusual scaling laws for plasmonic nanolasers beyond the diffraction limit.
Authors: Wang, S
Wang, X-Y
Li, B
Chen, H-Z
Wang, Y-L
Dai, L
Oulton, RF
Ma, R-M
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Plasmonic nanolasers are a new class of amplifiers that generate coherent light well below the diffraction barrier bringing fundamentally new capabilities to biochemical sensing, super-resolution imaging, and on-chip optical communication. However, a debate about whether metals can enhance the performance of lasers has persisted due to the unavoidable fact that metallic absorption intrinsically scales with field confinement. Here, we report plasmonic nanolasers with extremely low thresholds on the order of 10 kW cm-2 at room temperature, which are comparable to those found in modern laser diodes. More importantly, we find unusual scaling laws allowing plasmonic lasers to be more compact and faster with lower threshold and power consumption than photonic lasers when the cavity size approaches or surpasses the diffraction limit. This clarifies the long-standing debate over the viability of metal confinement and feedback strategies in laser technology and identifies situations where plasmonic lasers can have clear practical advantage.
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2017
Date of Acceptance: 6-Oct-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/54490
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-01662-6
ISSN: 2041-1723
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Journal / Book Title: Nature Communications
Volume: 8
Issue: 1
Copyright Statement: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0/. © The Author(s) 2017
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Funder's Grant Number: EP/I004343/1
EP/K503381/1
Keywords: MD Multidisciplinary
Publication Status: Published online
Open Access location: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-017-01662-6
Article Number: 1889
Appears in Collections:Physics
Experimental Solid State