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Systematic review of methods for quantifying teamwork in the operating theatre

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Title: Systematic review of methods for quantifying teamwork in the operating theatre
Authors: Li, N
Marshall, DC
Sykes, M
McCulloch, P
Shalhoub, J
Maruthappu, M
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Background: Teamwork in the operating theatre is becoming increasingly recognized as a major factor in clinical outcomes. Many tools have been developed to measure teamwork. Most fall into two categories: self‐assessment by theatre staff and assessment by observers. A critical and comparative analysis of the validity and reliability of these tools is lacking. Methods: MEDLINE and Embase databases were searched following PRISMA guidelines. Content validity was assessed using measurements of inter‐rater agreement, predictive validity and multisite reliability, and interobserver reliability using statistical measures of inter‐rater agreement and reliability. Quantitative meta‐analysis was deemed unsuitable. Results: Forty‐eight articles were selected for final inclusion; self‐assessment tools were used in 18 and observational tools in 28, and there were two qualitative studies. Self‐assessment of teamwork by profession varied with the profession of the assessor. The most robust self‐assessment tool was the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ), although this failed to demonstrate multisite reliability. The most robust observational tool was the Non‐Technical Skills (NOTECHS) system, which demonstrated both test–retest reliability (P > 0·09) and interobserver reliability (Rwg = 0·96). Conclusion: Self‐assessment of teamwork by the theatre team was influenced by professional differences. Observational tools, when used by trained observers, circumvented this.
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2018
Date of Acceptance: 28-Nov-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/54405
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bjs5.40
ISSN: 2474-9842
Publisher: Wiley
Start Page: 42
End Page: 51
Journal / Book Title: BJS Open
Volume: 2
Issue: 2
Copyright Statement: © 2018 The Authors. BJS Open published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of BJS Society Ltd This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2018-02-15
Appears in Collections:Department of Surgery and Cancer