The impact of aircraft takeoff thrust setting on NOX emissions

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Title: The impact of aircraft takeoff thrust setting on NO<inf>X</inf> emissions
Authors: Koudis, GS
Hu, SJ
North, RJ
Majumdar, A
Stettler, MEJ
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Reduced thrust takeoff has the potential to reduce aircraft-related NO X emissions at airports, however this remains to be investigated using flight data. This paper analyses the effect of takeoff roll thrust setting variability on the magnitude and spatial distribution of NO X emissions using high-resolution data records for 497 Airbus A319 activities at London Heathrow. Thrust setting varies between 67 and 97% of maximum, and aircraft operating in the bottom 10th percentile emit on average 514 g less NO X per takeoff roll (32% reduction) than the top 10th percentile, however this is dependent on takeoff roll duration. Spatial analysis suggests that peak NO X emissions, corresponding to the start of the takeoff roll, can be reduced by up to 25% by adopting reduced thrust takeoff activities. Furthermore, the length of the emission source also decreases. Consequently, the use of reduced thrust takeoff may enable improved local air quality at airports.
Issue Date: 5-Jul-2017
Date of Acceptance: 1-Jul-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/53193
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jairtraman.2017.06.009
ISSN: 0969-6997
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 191
End Page: 197
Journal / Book Title: Journal of Air Transport Management
Volume: 65
Copyright Statement: © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Sponsor/Funder: Natural Environment Research Council [2006-2012]
Funder's Grant Number: NE/I007172/1
Keywords: 1507 Transportation And Freight Services
1205 Urban And Regional Planning
Logistics & Transportation
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Civil and Environmental Engineering



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